Causes and Diagnosis
Though the disease is known to occur when there is a negative interaction between one’s genes and gluten intake, the exact cause is still unknown. It is believed that infant feeding practices, some infections in the intestine, and gut bacteria may contribute to the development of celiac disease.
An endoscopic biopsy can be done to confirm if one has celiac disease. A gastroenterologist will take a biopsy in a patient’s small intestine to examine if there is some damage in it. This may also be done with a simple blood test. Basically, if a patient has celiac disease, higher levels than normal of certain antibodies may be discovered. The patient’s immune system produces those antibodies since they consider gluten, which is in the form of wheat, rye, and barley, as a threat.