CF-related diabetes mellitus
CF related diabetes mellitus (CFDM) is another common barrier to adequate nutrition for CF patients and is associated with increased mortality particularly with female patients. CFDM involves both insulin resistance and lack of insulin production. Insulin is helps bring sugar into the cells, an important part of maintaining cellular function. Per Uptodate CFDM has been associated with poorer lung function, an increase in lung infections, and decreased nutritional status. Treatment with insulin has shown to improve lung and nutritional status. It is important that CFDM is discovered quickly and taken into account when creating nutrition plans with the healthcare team so that the patient is able to maintain a good nutrition status.