What is Celiac Disease?
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that is genetically inherited. In celiac disease, the ingestion of gluten leads to the small intestine becoming damaged. It affects 1 in 100 people worldwide. When a person who has celiac disease ingests a item containing gluten, such as different types of bread (rye, barley, and wheat), his or her body creates a response to this and attacks the small intestine. The attacks can damage the villi, which is the lining of the small intestine. These small, finger-like objects that line the small intestine promote nutrient absorption. When damaged, nutrients will not be absorbed properly in the body.