1. Exposure treatment
2. Flooding or
3. Counter-conditioning (Watson, 1924)
4. Relaxation techniques
5. Counter-conditioning by systematic desensitization, (Wolpe 1958).
The above therapies can be done in conjunction with biofeedback instrumentation to ensure that the patient is truly well-relaxed before going the next higher item in the anxiety hierarchy. Several indexes have been used in this adjunctive approach, including pulse rate, respiration rate, and electrodermal responses.
Noor F. Husain