expert type icon EXPERT

Dr. Richard A. Guthrie, M.D.

Endocrinology-Diabetes

Dr. Richard Guthrie practices Endocrinology in Wichita, KS. Dr. Guthrie specializes in preventing, diagnosing, and treating diseases related to hormone imbalance, and the bodys glands in the endocrine system. Endocrinologists are trained and certified to treat a variety of conditions, including menopause, diabetes, infertility, and thyroid disorders, among many others. Dr. Guthrie examines patients, determines means of testing, diagnoses, and decides the best treatment methods.
59 years Experience
Dr. Richard A. Guthrie, M.D.
  • MOUNT HOPE, KS
  • Univ of Mo, Columbia Sch of Med, Columbia Mo
  • Accepting new patients

What is the emergency treatment for hyperglycemia?

I must assume that your daughter has Diabetes Type 1. If this is the case and she develops hyperglycemia: Check her urine for ketones. If present then go to the DR. or ER as she READ MORE
I must assume that your daughter has Diabetes Type 1. If this is the case and she develops hyperglycemia: Check her urine for ketones. If present then go to the DR. or ER as she is going into ketoacidosis & will need IV RX. If no ketones she can be treated at home. Treatment involves 2 things: 1) hydrate her with non-sugar containing fluids 2) give her supplemental insulin. How much you give depends on her body weight & previous doses. I would start with 0.1u/kilogram body weight every hour until her BS comes down to a normal or near normal level. The next step is to find out the cause of the hyperglycemia. Does she have an infection or did she miss a dose of insulin. etc.? If she is not diabetic & gets hyperglycemic she should see a Dr to see if she is developing diabetes or has another cause.

What can I do to prevent amputation?

Get checked first as numbness in one foot only may be a pinched nerve in your back. Diabetic neuropathy is usually bi-lateral since it is a metabolic problem. But if it is the READ MORE
Get checked first as numbness in one foot only may be a pinched nerve in your back. Diabetic neuropathy is usually bi-lateral since it is a metabolic problem. But if it is the start of diabetic neuropathy, the first & best thing is to get your diabetes in control. Diab. Neuro. is due to damage to the nerve sheath & the feeding blood vessels due to high BS. Early on it is reversible if BS brought under control & HbA1c brought down to <7 & preferably <6.5. So do whatever is needed to get the diab. under control. There are also meds that can be used so see a DR. Also pay attention to your feet. Inspect them to be sure they a clear of any abnormalities. Look at the bottoms carefully & see a Dr immediatly if you see any abnormality. If you can't see the bottoms of your feet you can get a significant other to inspect them or get one of those poles people use for "selfies" and attach a mirror. YES you can prevent amputation. In fact we are seeing a reduction in amputations because of the above care. OH get your Dr. to inspect your feet at every office visit.

Can type 2 diabetes be completely reversed?

Since diabetes is a combination of an inherited & environmental disease, the answer is No & Yes. You cannot change the genetic factors you inherited so that will always be there. READ MORE
Since diabetes is a combination of an inherited & environmental disease, the answer is No & Yes. You cannot change the genetic factors you inherited so that will always be there. So in that sense diabetes never is "cured". You can, and you have, modified the environmental factors and that may cause a regression of the symptoms of diabetes. Some people think this has cured the diabetes, but if you relax, stop the diet, stop the exercise & gain back the weight (the environmental triggers) the diabetes will come roaring back. So continue what you are doing. Don't let up. Be sure to check your blood sugar frequently and be sure to have your Dr. check your HbA1c often & get it <7 or preferable <6.5 depending on your age. Good luck.

How should I manage my weight with metabolic syndrome?

Weight management follows Newton's law of thermodynamics i.e. Matter & energy are neither increased or decreased in the universe. They are just changed from one form into another. READ MORE
Weight management follows Newton's law of thermodynamics i.e. Matter & energy are neither increased or decreased in the universe. They are just changed from one form into another. So if you take in more matter (food) than you burn for energy (activity) you store is as fat. To get rid of the fat you must either decrease your intake of matter or increase your expenditure of energy. The best is a combination of both. Now there are other factors such as hereditary factors that make it easier for some people & harder for others (I'm one of these). Diet programs are just reminders of what you need to do. Just decreasing portion sizes will do the same thing. That's what Nutrisystem does. Wt. Watchers I think are good because they give incentives for wt. loss and their meetings are good so you can interact (&bare your testimony if you have deviated) and that's good for us. There are also several medications now available to help curb the appetite or prevent absorption of the food. Since you have metabolic syndrome, you could us one of the GLP1 RA drugs you see on TV. such as Trulicity or Ozempic (this is what I take). These drugs are expensive & you may have trouble with your insurance but if your Dr. phases it right you may be able to get one of them. Good Luck!

Is obesity a direct cause of diabetes?

DM2 is a complex disease with no easy explaination. It is a combination of inherited gene or genes and environmental factors. Obesity is certainly a major environmental factor. READ MORE
DM2 is a complex disease with no easy explaination. It is a combination of inherited gene or genes and environmental factors. Obesity is certainly a major environmental factor. For reasons that are not completely clear, fat causes resistance to insulin so the body has to increase the insulin produced to keep the blood sugar down & used properly. With the increased insulin secretion, the pancreas begins to wear out faster & secretion decreases. Then blood sugar will go up-Diabetes. So yes take care of yourself to prevent this extra strain on your pancreas. Diet, exercise & keep your wt. down. You can't change your inheritance but you can control the environmental factors.

Type 2 diabetes in children. Is it because my child is considered obese?

DM2 once was thought not to ever be present in children but it is increasing. 30% or more of our children now are overweight & that is causing "metabolic syndrome" followed by READ MORE
DM2 once was thought not to ever be present in children but it is increasing. 30% or more of our children now are overweight & that is causing "metabolic syndrome" followed by diabetes Type 2 if not controlled. In addition to obesity they also have a gene or genes they inherit for diabetes. You can't change the inheritance but you can control the environmental factors such as obesity and you must or the diabetes will get worse as the pancreas deteriorates due to the need in obesity due to insulin resistance. This overwork of the pancreas will cause it to wear out & decrease or stop making insulin. So control the obesity by diet & exercise (supervised) and take medication such as metformin to control BS & insulin secretion. DM2 in children is very similar to adults except they will have it longer & can thus cause more damage if not controlled. You'll have to work at it but if you do he can live a normal life span. I know of no other cause of DM2 than the inherited genes & environment combination. Work on it & teach him well so he can assume his own management when he is of an appropriate age.

My child has been hospitalized for diabetes complications. Will he be OK?

Diabetic neuropathy is extremely uncommon in children with diabetes, but it does occur. How long has he had diabetes? How well has he been controlled? What were his symptoms that READ MORE
Diabetic neuropathy is extremely uncommon in children with diabetes, but it does occur. How long has he had diabetes? How well has he been controlled? What were his symptoms that caused his hospitalization (we don't usually hospitalize people for neuropathy)? Has he had nerve conduction studies? Diabetic neuropathy is usually caused by long-term poor diabetes control. Neuropathy can be treated with various meds, but the best treatment is to get the diabetes in good control: 1) follow a proper diet 2) exercise regularly 3) check blood sugars at least 4x/d or go on a continuous glucose monitoring system 4) adjust insulin to get blood sugar in the normal range 5) take medicine for the neuropathy. If all this is done, I would predict the neuropathy will get better. It's hard work, but it can be done.
Good luck.

Is maxillofacial surgery advisable for a diabetes patient?

It depends on the level of control of her diabetes. If she is well controlled, there is little difference than if she did not have diabetes. But if she is not well controlled now, READ MORE
It depends on the level of control of her diabetes. If she is well controlled, there is little difference than if she did not have diabetes. But if she is not well controlled now, the surgery should be postponed until she can be gotten in good control. For surgery of this type, she will most probably need to be taking insulin preferably "basal-bolus" therapy to insure the best control. She should have an endocrinologist that is knowledgeable in diabetes therapy to work with the surgeon to provide maximal care. Then expect a good outcome.

Does a diabetic patient need to visit a cardiologist for carrying out a complete check-up?

It would certainly be wise to have a check with a cardiologist. Cardiac disease is a significant risk in diabetes so frequent cardiac checks are a good idea. So YES it is time READ MORE
It would certainly be wise to have a check with a cardiologist. Cardiac disease is a significant risk in diabetes so frequent cardiac checks are a good idea. So YES it is time to see the cardiologist & get a good checkup.

When do you need to visit an internist for diabetes?

This is a very good question for which there is no easy answer. Ideally, you would want to be under the care of an endocrinologist who is well trained in diabetes (not all endos READ MORE
This is a very good question for which there is no easy answer. Ideally, you would want to be under the care of an endocrinologist who is well trained in diabetes (not all endos are). The problem is there are not enough endos. Endo is the lowest paid specialty in medicine so not many people want to go into it. So as the prevalence of diabetes goes up the available endos. goes down. So, your best alternative is a good internist who has kept up with the developments in diabetes therapy. These may also be hard to find but try. FP's are ok but many are so busy they don't have time to keep up on the latest research. Ironically some of the best "diabetologists" are nurses. Certified Diabetes Educators, especially those with advanced training as Advanced Nurse Practice nurses are quite good & most have more time than the DR. to keep up on the fast changing world of diabetes. I hope you find someone good & keep your diabetes in good control.

Will my hyperactive thyroid create complications in my pregnancy?

Yes, it can adversely affect the fetus so it must be treated. Surgery has been shown to have a higher spontaneous abortion rate than medical Rx. Medical treatment can be with radioactive READ MORE
Yes, it can adversely affect the fetus so it must be treated. Surgery has been shown to have a higher spontaneous abortion rate than medical Rx. Medical treatment can be with radioactive iodine or anti-thyroid medications. There is a danger with RI that some of the radiation can effect the baby so it is nor recommended. (I did have a patient who was given RI by another DR. during a pregnancy with diabetes & hyperthyroid. There was no damage to the baby.) I would recommend treatment with an anti-thyroid drug as safest. These drugs can cross the placenta & enter the fetus thus blocking their thyroid. The baby's Dr. then must know of the treatment so the baby can be treated with thyroid until the gland recovers from the blockage (usually a few months).

I am diabetic and I feel very hungry. What can I do?

There are now a number of drugs to help you control your hunger. Talk to your Dr. about the proper choice of drugs. It hard for me to advise you because you did not tell me what READ MORE
There are now a number of drugs to help you control your hunger. Talk to your Dr. about the proper choice of drugs. It hard for me to advise you because you did not tell me what you are taking now. Probably one of the best drugs for depressing appetite is a drug from the class of drugs called GLP1 RA. There are now many drugs available in this class. You have probably seen them advertised on TV. Some of these drugs have to be taken daily (Victoza) but several (Trulicity, Ozemka, etc.) are once a week. They are working on a once a month one. They must be taken by injection. I take one of them & the injection is painless. I have lost 25# & decreased my insulin by 25% with this drug. They are working on an oral form of these drugs. There are at least 4 other drugs that can help as well. So see your physician to go over what drug or drugs would be best for you.

Am I diabetic?

YES, you could have diabetes. Here are some of the symptoms 1) Polyphagia- excess hunger yet with weight loss 2) polydipsia- increased thirst 3) polyuria- increased urination. READ MORE
YES, you could have diabetes. Here are some of the symptoms 1) Polyphagia- excess hunger yet with weight loss 2) polydipsia- increased thirst 3) polyuria- increased urination. When you started the description of your problem, you presented symptoms of an insulin-producing tumor, then the description seemed more like diabetes. PLEASE see your DR. right away. He can determine the cause of the problem usually from office tests. If you have an insulin-producing tumor, there are medicines that can treat this or surgery can remove the tumor. If it is diabetes, it needs treatment right away. There are many treatments for diabetes and it can be controlled. To put off getting treatment can cause many complications or even death. So, SEE A DR. RIGHT AWAY.

My mother's sugar levels are dropping, what could be the reason?

There are many reasons this could be occurring. Assuming she has diabetes & is on a diabetes medication, then the type & dose of the medicine should be adjusted. As we get older, READ MORE
There are many reasons this could be occurring. Assuming she has diabetes & is on a diabetes medication, then the type & dose of the medicine should be adjusted. As we get older, we tend to eat less & thus need less medication to control blood sugar. If she does not have diabetes, there are multiple possibilities. Intake of carbohydrate may be too low, there can be abnormalities of the liver that is not controlling carbohydrate right, there may be a pancreatic tumor (usually not malignant) producing too much insulin (easily removed), and many more causes. She needs to see a Dr. familiar with the causes of hypoglycemia and get appropriate tests as most of the causes can be treated and thus cured.

Why do I feel hungry all the time?

Yes it could be. You didn't tell me what diabetes medications you take so I can only answer in general. Some diabetes meds can cause hunger, especially with some combinations. READ MORE
Yes it could be. You didn't tell me what diabetes medications you take so I can only answer in general. Some diabetes meds can cause hunger, especially with some combinations. Sulfonyluria drugs as well as insulin can cause continued hunger especially when used together or with other diabetes drugs. So see the Dr & maybe get a change of doses of drugs or a change of drugs. Metformin & GLP1 RA, & SGLT1 drugs do not cause hunger but if used with other drugs such as insulin, they may enhance the effects of the insulin or other drugs & cause prolonged hunger. See your Dr. & discuss to get an adjustment of meds or doses of current meds. Some of this can just be habit as well or type of food so see a dietician. You may be having rapid stomach emptying & in that case Rx with a GLP1 RA would be helpful since these drugs slow stomach emptying and slow hunger. These drugs are injections but can be given once a day or now several are available for once a week. They do work. I take one of the once a week drugs & it really works. I have lost 25# in 3 mo., don't feel hungry as much, & reduced my insulin 30%. Suggest it to your Dr.

When is one recommended insulin injections?

That is a difficult question. Some people with T2DM never need insulin and some need it very early in the course of their disease. It depends on the severity of the damage to the READ MORE
That is a difficult question. Some people with T2DM never need insulin and some need it very early in the course of their disease. It depends on the severity of the damage to the insulin producing cells of the pancreas. If they have been badly effected by whatever causes the disease (genetics, overweight, insulin resistance, factors we don't yet know, etc.) then we may start insulin soon. Most people with T2DM have some residual insulin producing ability so may stay on oral agents for a long time. Multiple oral agents at once & a variety of agents (there are about 20 now) should be tried along with diet, exercise & wt. loss (life style change). Check blood sugars regularly along with A1c and adjust meds. When a combination of 2 or 3 oral meds will not control the BS & A1c then is the time to start insulin injections. If only the fasting BS is up then we continue the oral agents and start a once a day long acting or basal insulin to control things during the night. If then BS after meals is found to be up we would add insulin at mealtimes while continuing the basal insulin. Some of the oral agent may then be stopped but we like to continue metformin for some effects perhaps unrelated to diabetes. We might also continue or start a GLP1 RA injection as this will help the insulin and may help weight loss. There is some evidence that it may halt or slow death of the insulin producing cells & may even cause some regeneration of these cells. The above are not proven yet but some animal data are hopeful. By the way, a need to go to insulin does not mean you have done anything wrong. Degeneration of the cells is a part of aging that diabetes accelerates. But you should follow good health practices to prevent insulin resistance & keep a load off the cells to help preserve them.
Good luck!

Does taking metformin for a long time affect the body?

Metformin affects the body, but I suppose you mean "does long-term metformin adversely affect the body." The answer to that question is probably no. We have been using metformin READ MORE
Metformin affects the body, but I suppose you mean "does long-term metformin adversely affect the body." The answer to that question is probably no. We have been using metformin in this country for 30 years & in Europe for over 50 years with few adverse effects. Thousands of people have been treated with it for many years safely. The only bad effects are the gastrointestinal effects usually seen for a few weeks at the beginning of therapy then go away and a condition called "lactic acidosis" if given with kidney disease. I have treated thousands of people, many of them for many years, & have seen only 1 case of lactic acidosis. This occurred in a man with kidney failure who should never have been taking metformin. Metformin is not only safe for many years, but some recent data have shown some long-term effects that may be beneficial apart from its effect on blood sugar. There are some preliminary data to suggest that metformin may change gut bacteria for the better helping with some inflammatory diseases. It may also prevent certain cancers such as breast & prostate and some very preliminary data suggests it may slow the development or progression of Alzheimer's disease. These are all preliminary data mainly in animals, but they are certainly exciting. So don't be afraid of long-term metformin. If it is working, keep it going. It is certainly the cheapest med you can take for your diabetes. Above all, take whatever you need to keep your blood sugar & A1c in control. Metformin can be taken with other diabetes meds & may help them so GO FOR IT!

What is the treatment for Hashimito's thyroiditis?

Hashimoto's thyroiditis is a common problem though more common in females than males. It is a auto-immune disease in which the immune system develops an error and attacks it's READ MORE
Hashimoto's thyroiditis is a common problem though more common in females than males. It is a auto-immune disease in which the immune system develops an error and attacks it's own tissue, destroying it. This may result in a goiter as the failure of the gland stimulates the pituitary gland in the brain to stimulate the failing thyroid gland causing it to enlarge. Ultimately the gland fails completely in spite of overstimulation of the pituitary gland & symptoms of low thyroid activity results. The treatment is relatively simple: Oral thyroid pills in a proper dose as determined by a physician with proper lab. tests of the blood thyroid level as well as the level of pituitary stimulating hormone. Adjust the dose of thyroid medication until the levels of both hormones are in the normal range & monitor frequently to be sure the need to change the thyroid dose hasn't changed (or adjust the dose if it has). Thyroid hormone, known as thyroxine, comes in a small pill and comes in a large variety of doses (many people of different sizes and ages including infants may need thyroid) & each dose has a different color. The color coding is the same even if the thyroid is made by different companies. Generic thyroxine is ok & is cheap. Treatment can make a big difference in things like energy level, etc but more important, low thyroid can result in heart damage & congestive heart failure. So keep the thyroid in proper control with a pill a day-but be sure it is the right pill.

How often should diabetes patients get their eyes checked?

Eye checks are very important in people with diabetes. If you have no eye problems at present and your diabetes is well controlled then an eye check once a year is recommended. READ MORE
Eye checks are very important in people with diabetes. If you have no eye problems at present and your diabetes is well controlled then an eye check once a year is recommended. If any diabetes problems or problems of the eye unrelated to diabetes then more frequent eye checks are needed. Follow the advise of your eye doctor in this regard. Above all keep your diabetes in good control as this will help prevent diabetic problems of the eye. I have had Type 1 diabetes for 26 years, along with hypertension for 50 years, but have no diabetic changes in my eyes. So it can be done though it is not easy. So keep the diabetes in control and get an eye check at least every year.

How do I lose 50 lbs with diabetes?

This answer is easy: eat less & exercise more! I'm sorry for being flippant about this, but in fact it is true. Avoid fad diets as they are nothing more than a reminder to consume READ MORE
This answer is easy: eat less & exercise more! I'm sorry for being flippant about this, but in fact it is true. Avoid fad diets as they are nothing more than a reminder to consume less calories (and make money for the purveyor). Wt. gain or loss follows Newton's law of thermodynamics & we all remember that, right! What he said was that matter & energy were neither created nor lost in the universe. They are just changed from one form into another. So if we take in more matter (food) by mouth than we burn (normal activities & exercise) we store the consumed matter as another for of matter (that's called FAT). If we want to get rid of the stored matter we must do one of 2 things (or preferable both) consume less matter &/or burn more matter for energy (exercise). It is that simple & yet that hard. There are aids you can use under a physicians guidance. There are now appetite suppressants, food absorption blockers, & gastric emptying retardants. You didn't say if you have diabetes but if you do a good treatment for the diabetes is a group of drugs called GLP1 RA. You have seen them advertised on TV-Victoza and many that you take once a week such as Ozempic which I take. It allowed me to reduce my insulin by 30% with good control and I have lost 25# in 3 months. YEA! & there are several short acting (2-4X/D), intermediate acting (one injection daily) and the long acting (one injection weekly). Check with your physician to see if any of the above mentioned medications would be right for you.
Good Luck!