1. What is a heart rate? What does it indicate, and why is it important? Heart rate (HR) is the number of heart beats calculated per minute. The heart is the source of life...
Atrial fibrillation is the most common irregular heart rhythm abnormality. It is caused by abnormal electrical signals that are causing the heart to beat irregularly and usually...
Red wine in general is thought to be healthier because it contains antioxidative components like resveratrol, proanthocyanidine, quarcetin, etc. and these active components exert protective functions like free radical scavenging effects, decreasing the oxidative stress and reducing the inflammatory atherosclerotic lesions.
That been said, drinking more alcohol increases such dangers as alcoholism, high blood pressure, obesity, stroke, breast cancer, suicide and accidents.
The condition also has serious effects on many parts of the body, including the digestive tract, lungs, and heart, and the body’s ability to make blood cells. You will need an expert heart failure specialist who work closely with a nutritionist to help tackle this issue.
Best test to evaluate and diagnose any of these defects is an echocardiogram to start with which is an ultrasound of the heart during the test you can evaluate the size of the defect as well as the amount of blood flow that goes through it and if there is a reversal of the flow from the left side to the right side or vice versa.
Cardiac MRI can also be used to evaluate any congenital abnormality of the heart including any septal defects.
While the majority of PFO's does not require any closures larger one will require closure either by catheter or surgically because the can increase the risk of stroke by about 40 to 50%