Nasal steroids do not cause dependence. They work differently in the nasal linings. Using a nasal steroid will often lead to improvement in nasal symptoms, and usually will not lose their effectiveness over time (though if someone gets sick, their allergies kick in or are exposed to a new irritant, they may not feel it is as effective). However, if they have a chronic nasal condition like allergies, or they smoke and they stop their nasal steroid after a time, their symptoms will often recur. This is not failure of the medication to fix the problem.
In general, I would advise someone with nasal congestion with a cold to try a nasal decongestant for a few days to get through their symptoms and stop after five days. If they are experiencing daily nasal symptoms longer than a few weeks, then they need to be checked and possibly prescribed a nasal steroid spray. Nasal steroid sprays are the safer long-term option, as long as there are no contraindications to using them.
The good news is that you do not have to do anything. A baby’s ear canals are so small that there is not much water that can get in. The only reason I would worry about water in the ears is if there is mucous or pus draining out the canal (meaning an ear infection), and adding water can slow down the recovery. Otherwise, your baby can bathe quite comfortably.
I hope that helps!
There is really nothing you can or should give an infant for flying. If you bottle or breast feed your child during descent, the swallowing action will be their best bet to stay out of trouble with their ears.
In general, I would say it is unlikely that his sinonasal cancer originated from the use of a plastic steamer. The two most common risk factors are smoking and alcohol use, especially together. Male gender and older age also predispose him towards this type of cancer. Exposure to HPV increases the risk as well. There is an association with inhaled substances, such as various dusts (nickel, flour, wood (drywall, wood sanding), chromium), glue fumes and fumes from various furniture polishes and varnishes. This last one may be what his doctors may have thought was the risk. I suppose it depends the type of plastic of which the steamer was made and whether it is stable under heat. As long as there is water in it and he was not inhaling the air when it went dry and therefore the temperature of the plastic went up, it should be ok. If the plastic in the steamer appears melted that is possible.
I hope that helps, and good wishes for your uncle.
Often people can get relief if they use treatment on a more proactive basis (whether it is avoidance, smoking cessation or topical therapy), rather than waiting until you are sick.
Hope that helps!
There are a few things this might represent.
1) Near the top corner of the nostril or at the bottom junction people can get little fissures. These are common in people with narrow nostrils, especially if they are blowing their nose a lot (colds, allergy season). These can be challenging to control. Protecting the area with an ointment and trying to reduce physical manipulation (not wiping or rubbing the nose) will help the fissure heal.
2) In the hair bearing skin just inside the nostril, people can get a folliculitis that can develop into little pustules or pimples, like an ingrown hair. These do not typically happen on the middle wall (the septum). Antibiotic creams, maybe with a little steroid like hydrocortisone if there is an element of dermatitis, can help this.
3) Cold sores can develop, usually along the bottom of the nostril and usually involve the skin outside the nostril extending toward the upper lip. These will pass after 7-10 days or sooner if you catch it with an antiviral agent when it first breaks out. These do not typically occur along the side nostril skin.
Hope that helps.
The good news is that ear wax is natural and for the most part does not need to be removed. Most people’s ears are self cleaning. People with hairy ear canals, narrow canals or with certain skin types are special cases, and I would not use peroxide in those ears either. Those people need a professional to remove their wax to prevent infections or damage.
If this is new and associated with other symptoms like hearing loss, ringing, dizziness or pain, then you should get it checked by a doctor to make sure your ear drum is intact. If you have a tube in your ear drum and it is leaking, you should likely see your doctor to make sure it does not need treatment.
Assuming there are no masses in, or “rashes” on the surface of your tongue, a burning sensation of your tongue is a common complaint. It can sometimes be due to the type of toothpaste you use. Tartar fighting pastes are usually more acidic, and sensitive tongues can become irritated from this exposure. An easy first step is to change your brand of toothpaste to a baking soda based toothpaste.
Dehydration and smoking will also aggravate this. Having nasal obstruction or congestion, enough to make you a mouth breather can also contribute to burning tongue. Having that addressed may help.
An acute fungal infection usually shows white spots or plaques in your mouth and throat. However sometimes a more chronic infection will leave you with what appears to be pink, bland areas that almost look like bald spots on the tongue. Usually an anti fungal rinse can help with this.
Most burning tongue conditions are benign in nature but can persist. If this is the case, it is best to be seen and followed by your dentist or your family physician.
- nasal saline rinses
- nasal steroids if prescribed
- smoke avoidance (both tobacco and marijuana)
- antihistamines as suggested depending on allergies).
If that fails, then yes, you might need a repeat procedure, or if it has progressed, you might need formal surgery.
I hope that helps. Good luck!