Appendicitis refers to the inflammation of the appendix, a small tissue found as an extension at the beginning of the large intestine. This condition often requires medical attention, as an inflamed appendix may lead to many complications, like bursting of the appendix. The contents of the appendix may then cause inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity, a condition known as peritonitis. This condition is most commonly seen in the age group of 10-years-old to 30-years-old.
Appendicitis is caused by the blockage of the appendix due to various reasons. It may also be caused by an infection of the appendix, when the tissue responds by swelling. The symptoms of this condition vary depending on the person.
Here are some of the common symptoms of this condition:
- Abdominal pain – The pain usually begins near the navel and become more severe toward the lower right part of the abdomen.
- Nausea and vomiting – Usually follows abdominal pain and is also associated with low grade fever
- Reduced appetite
- Inability to pass gas
- Swelling in the abdomen
As the condition progresses and inflammation increases, the following symptoms may be noted:
- Pain in the lower part of the abdomen in the right side and back
- Pain while passing urine
- Vomiting followed by increasing pain in the abdomen
- Abdominal cramps
- Constipation or diarrhea
If the appendix ruptures, the pain may disappear for some time making you feel better.
Inflammation in the lining of abdominal wall leads to:
One should immediately get medical attention if the symptoms after rupture are prominent. Treating the condition at the right time is very important to prevent further complications.
One should avoid taking laxatives, antacids, and pain killers when the initial symptoms appear, as this may lead to the rupture of the appendix.
In some cases, appendicitis may lead to the blockage of the intestine. In few cases, the infection-causing bacteria may enter the body fluid and travel to different parts of the body. This condition, called sepsis, is a life-threatening situation. Thus, diagnosis and treatment of this condition is very important.