Risk Factors that can be Controlled
High blood pressure – Someone with chronic kidney or diabetes, blood pressure is 130/80 mmHg or above.
Unhealthy cholesterol levels – When there is low HDL cholesterol, and high LDL cholesterol levels are considered unhealthy cholesterol levels.
Smoking – Smoking has several effects on the body. It can cause unhealthy cholesterol levels, and raise blood pressure. It can reduce the amount of oxygen reaching the tissues.
Prediabetes – When blood sugar level is higher but not that high like in diabetes, the condition is called pre-diabetes. Someone with pre diabetes and doesn’t manage it, the risk of type 2 diabetes in less than ten years are high.
Obesity or overweight – Someone who is obese or overweight has high chances risk of heart attack and heart disease. Obesity and overweight are also linked to other risk factors. Most people with type 2 diabetes are overweight.
Stress – Anxiety and stress can trigger arteries to tighten which can lead to high blood pressure and raise the risk for heart attack. Stress also indirectly raises the chances of developing heart disease.
Unhealthy diet – Unhealthy diet may increase the chances of developing heart disease. Sugar, High cholesterol, sodium, and fat can worsen the risk factors for heart disease.
Lack of exercise – Failing to exercise raises the risk for heart disease by worsening other risk factors such as obesity or overweight.