Anemia is a medical condition in which the count of red blood cells in the blood is lower than the normal number. This can occur due to many reasons such as deficiency of some vitamin, iron or it can also be hereditary. It is one of the most common disorders of blood and there are reports suggesting that more than 3 million Americans are affected by this condition (as per the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute).
It’s no crime to conclude that the greatest paradox of the 21st century can be defined as the defied accessibility of resources to humans, made by humans. This paradox has led to many grieving families weeping in their homes, many lives being lost in the most unfortunate of conditions and has plagued the developmental stages of the society.
People living in the wide outskirts of Africa, Sahara deserts, North and South polar regions and in deep mountain trenches have been victimized by many diseases and problems for which they have lacked resources to cure them. The number of such people being reported is increasing every day. Many of these people suffer from a problem known as Anemia which occurs in the body because the red blood cell lose their potential occupation as oxygen transporters. Hemoglobin is the main protein found in these cells and it is because of the lack of iron, the protein gets destroyed, thus transforming an ordinary person to an anemic.
The lack of knowledge of these problems is the greatest issue at hand. It causes these people to be highly unaware of the diets they should follow or how much iron and hemoglobin the body requires to provide motor skills, the skills of senses, taste, coloration and all the basic functions. Anemic patients in these areas of the world are sometimes even unaware of their own conditions. They have grown immune to the fact of caring for their bodies and also fighting with harsh climate at the same time. Anemic patients often complain about unnecessary fatigue occurring in the body, which causes the bones to experience pain. This pain can be so excruciating that it may cause the person to remain still for quite some time.
There are non-specific symptoms of anemia such as light headedness and fatigue, but the physical signs of this condition are fewer making it difficult to diagnose the condition, particularly in older adults. As everyone knows that anemia can occur due to multiple reasons; thus, recognizing the actual reason behind anemia is also a challenge. Women with heavy menstrual flow and pregnant women are more prone to suffer from anemia due to deficiency of iron. These women are unaware of how to fulfill their iron requirements which is the main cause behind their condition. Such patients must understand the role of iron in preventing anemia, but due to insufficient knowledge and awareness; they tend to suffer from a condition that can be prevented with proper diet and healthy habits.
The most challenging form of anemia that persists all over the world is the one that occurs during pregnancy. This is one of the reasons which is contributing to the mortality of mothers during pregnancies and mortality of infants (due to low weight at the time of birth). Even today, it has been found that 20% of all maternal deaths occur due to anemia.
The South Asian countries and Africa are amongst the most highly affected countries with anemia during pregnancy. India has been the top most affected country in South Asian countries with this problem. Although the global prevalence of anemia, according to World Health Organization, is 41.8 per cent; in Indian women, its prevalence is around 49.7%. It has been estimated that in developing countries, every 2nd pregnant women is found to be anemic. This calls for an advancement in the awareness programs for providing knowledge to the women and other people about this condition so that this complication can be prevented during pregnancy and during any other stage of life.
Excavators in the areas have done numerous researches concluding to the fact that anemic patients in the Sahara desert can outcross every other part of such intense climatic changes. The desert has much to offer in terms of heritage, views and experience, but it also provides scarcity of food sources and water. These things are highly indigenous in deserts as the tribes that live in these areas store rain water in forms of deep holes dug into the ground. These holes are kept covered and only used when needed. It’s common sense to understand that these people lack Iron, B12 and many other important vitamins in their diets. Being an anemic while living in these areas can mean a life-threatening situation. For many years, these tribes have survived by using traditional remedies to cure anemia, but the effectiveness of these remedies depends on the intensity and type of anemia. The possibility of complete blood transfusions and bone marrow surgery cannot be achieved in these areas and thus leads to catastrophic results.
People living in lands such as the North and South Pole experience dry ice climate all year and in these climates, they mostly rely on their sea food diets such as fish, prawns, crabs and other protein packed materials. The adaptation to the area and coherency between iron and the food containing it can be commendable for these people, but in some cases, this fails and anemia is also passed on in genes. The treatment procedure can be grievous and tough.
Over time, most people living with this condition tend to adapt to the complications of anemia. They have reduced strength and they also lack energy, but over a course of time, they condition their body to adapt the changes and slowly, they make it their lifestyle. Some people change their shopping styles, i.e. they would prefer to buy all their groceries once in every month rather than buying the groceries every week so that they don’t feel fatigued by revisiting the markets.