Healthy Living

Bronchial Asthma: Facts

Quick Relief Medications

Quick Relief Medications

Pharmacological management is divided into those used for quick relief of symptoms and those for long term control.  These drugs are for a quick relief of symptoms.

Short-acting β-agonist (SABA), such as albuterol, are the most effective bronchodilators during exacerbations.

Anticholinergic agent such as ipratropium bromide. They reverse vagally mediated bronchospasm but not allergen- or exercise-induced bronchospasm. They may decrease mucus gland hypersecretion. It is the inhaled drug of choice for patients with intolerance to beta-2-agonists or with bronchospasm due to beta-blocker medications.

 Systemic corticosteroids are effective primary treatment for patients with moderate to severe asthma exacerbations and for patients with exacerbations who do not respond promptly and completely to inhaled beta-2-agonist therapy. These medications speed the resolution of airflow obstruction and reduce the rate of relapse.

Phosphodiesterase inhibitors such as theophylline are not recommended for therapy of asthma exacerbations.