Flu: Symptoms and Treatment
Is it the flu?
One of the most common causes of the flu is the influenza A virus.
You may have the flu if you are experiencing the following symptoms:
- Fever between 100oF to 104oF (38oC to 40oC)
- Runny nose
- Sore throat
- Body aches and pains
The symptoms of the flu can be similar to the symptoms of a common cold, however, they are a little more severe.
It can be difficult to determine whether or not you have the flu or a cold. Pregnant women, children under the age of 2, adults older than 65-years-old, and people with conditions like diabetes are at a higher risk of catching the flu. If you have symptoms that resemble the flu, it is vital to visit your physician and get treated as soon as possible.
How to treat the flu
The flu can be treated with plenty of bed rest and fluids. Drinking a lot of fluids, like water and orange juice, can not only prevent dehydration but also increase your level of vitamin C. Nasal decongestants and pain killers such as Ibuprofen and Acetaminophen can help subdue the symptoms of the flu. However, it is important to remember that aspirin should never be given to small children, as it can increase the risk of a rare but serious condition known as Reye’s syndrome.
Reye’s syndrome is a serious condition that results in the swelling of the brain and liver. Some signs and symptoms are confusion, seizures, and loss of consciousness. Normally, this condition will require attention immediately so it can be treated.
If you do not feel better after these remedies, visit your physician. Your physician may prescribe you anti-viral drugs such as Tamiflu, Rapivab, and Relenza, which will help shorten the duration of the illness and prevent complications, like pneumonia. These drugs should be taken within the first 48 hours after contracting the flu.