The symptoms accompanying drug withdrawal can be psychological or physical, changing your thoughts, feelings, and actions. For instance, drugs like cocaine and heroin trigger strong physical dependence. For other chemical substances, dependencies are more likely to cause psychological problems. Either way, drug withdrawal can greatly affect your body and mind.
Withdrawal takes place when you’re dispossessed of drugs that your body or mind relies on. The nature, duration, and intensity of withdrawal-related symptoms differ from one person to another, but the effect is often difficult to tolerate. With certain drugs, like benzodiazepines and alcohol, withdrawal can sometimes be life-threatening if it’s not medically supervised. With your doctor’s assistance, completing drug withdrawal can be easier and more efficient than struggling with the symptoms alone that may include seizures, anxiety, depression, insomnia, and irritability.
Other withdrawal symptoms
- Abdominal pain
- Vomiting and nausea
- Muscle cramps
- Heart palpitations
Drug withdrawal often leads to gastroenteritis. Most of the symptoms that come with drug withdrawal are at the same time responsible for gastritis. For instance, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and nausea are great contributors to both conditions.
Understanding the side effects caused by drug withdrawal might assist you to make adequate preparations for the process and begin your journey to recovery. If you have decided to stop drinking, then you should consider handling the symptoms with the assistance of a medical professional.
Treatments for Drug Withdrawal
The following drugs can help people cope with the symptoms of drug withdrawal:
- Librium or Valium used for alcohol
- Haloperidol or propranolol for cocaine
- Methadone for heroin
- Gabapentin for marijuana
- Buprenorphine for narcotics
These medications can alleviate the withdrawal-related symptoms either by completely treating the symptoms or replicating the efficacy of the drug at lower intensities. Other treatments utilized for this condition are acamprosate and naltrexone aimed at reducing the cravings and preventing relapse rather than alleviating the withdrawal symptoms.
Tests and Diagnosis
- Toxicology screening
- Serum glucose
- Arterial blood gas examination
- Cardiac biomarker analysis
- Comprehensive metabolic panel
- Prothrombin time
- Complete Blood Count (CBC)
Drug withdrawal is often accompanied by numerous symptoms ranging from mild tremulousness to delirium tremens (DTs). The spectrum hugely differs, and the signs or symptoms overlap in duration and time.
Discontinuation of sedatives, heroin, barbiturates, and other hypnotics after prolonged use causes withdrawal symptoms similar to those relating to alcohol withdrawal. The sedative-hypnotic syndrome involves severe psychomotor and autonomic dysfunctions. The physical and psychological cravings brought about by drug withdrawal can really be devastating. Quality treatment programs can make a significant impact on the recovery process. If you are committed to bettering your life, then you have made the wisest decision. You’re definitely on top of the game. All you need to do is to talk to your doctor about it and you’ll receive proper treatment plans. Don’t do it alone, it can be quite challenging.
If you are committed to bettering your life, then you have to make the wisest decision. You’re definitely on top of the game. All you need to do is to talk to your doctor about it and you’ll receive proper treatment plans. Don’t do it alone because it can be quite challenging. The duration or severity of withdrawal is determined by the extent of dependency on the substance plus other factors like:
- Family history or genetic makeup
- Duration of substance abuse
- The method of abuse: swallowing, snorting, injecting or smoking
- Quantity consumed
- Type of substance
- Medical or health problems
Continuous usage of drugs or alcohol alters the motivation and normal circuitry of the brain resulting in extreme drug cravings and dependence.