- The difference between migraines and headaches
- How to differentiate between the two
Is A Migraine Another Word For A Headache?
The word migraine is used to refer to a type of recurrent headache experienced by people. A migraine is a severe throbbing headache which remains on one side of the head, but it can also be experienced on both the sides. It also causes pain around the inner eyes and ears.
People experiencing migraines will suffer from this type of headache for up to 72hours. Migraines are mostly accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea and vomiting. Migraines is a condition that affects women more commonly than men. Women have three times the risk of getting migraines than men.
Migraines, unlike normal headaches, is of two types. The first type is called migraine with aura. This is where there are some symptoms before the attack. The second is called migraine without aura and there are almost no symptoms before the attack.
Migraines are found in all ages. They can affect children from as young as 12 months. Most migraine conditions in children are not diagnosed, since parents do not understand the condition. Most of these children experience it like a normal headache.
The majority of people who experience migraines are within the ages of 18 to 45. During this period, a high percentage of victims are women. As people approach the age of 45 to 50 years, migraine cases reduce.
Symptoms of a Migraine
Migraines are recurrent and severe. They also come with symptoms that appear in phases, unlike a normal headache. These phases may include:
- Prodrome Phase
These are also known as premonitory symptoms. They are only experienced in around 60% of people having migraines. These symptoms are mostly experienced two hours to two days before the pain. They may include fatigue, cravings, irritability, depression, and euphoria.
- Aura Phase
The symptoms in this phase appear slowly. Symptoms are experienced both before and through the headache. These symptoms can be sensory, motor or visual in nature. Visual symptoms usually account for around 99% of all cases.
- Pain Phase
The symptoms in this stage are a throbbing and severe pain. It occurs for around 4-72 hours in grown-ups and less than 1 hour in young kids. The frequency of the headaches in this case also vary. In this phase, the headache also causes pain around the neck. It also comes with a lot of sensitivity to smells, light and sound. Nausea is also a common side effect.
The symptoms in this stage happen after the headache has disappeared. You will feel hung over, tired, moody, and weak.
What Causes Migraines
According to the research, there are a number of things that can cause migraines. They include:
- Change in diet
- Unusual physical exercises
The Bottom Line
A migraine is a type of headache but is an entirely different condition from a normal headache. Its features are very different to that of a normal headache. Experiencing migraines does not mean that someone has brain problems. You should be able to recognize the symptoms of a migraine with some practice. It is advisable to see a doctor for advice on how to manage your migraines.