Melanoma is one of the serious types of skin cancers which occur due to overexposure to the sun. Melanoma is form of skin cancer occurs due to the pigment-producing cells called melanocytes. Melanoma affects the skin and converts it into deadly cancerous cells affecting the skin.
Most of the pigment cells are part of skin, although melanoma can also occur in the eyes -ocular melanoma and also in the other parts of the body relating to intestines which is very rare. The skin cancer is very rarely found in the in people with dark skin. Melanoma is a type of skin cancer which is not as common as the basal cell and squalors cell skin cancers. But melanoma is highly dangerous cancer because it spread faster an especially dangerous type of skin cancer because it is more likely to spread faster.
The disease Melanoma is one of the highly affecting cancer disease which can cause due to sun exposure and it needs the best of treatments right on time to control the disease and to eliminate the it completely which is the most challenging task.
This cancer cause many people to suffer from the dangerous disease and also it cost number deaths every year. It is highly required to know more about the preventions and the effective treatment regarding the disease.
Types of Cancer Cells
The two types of Squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma are two such types of non-melanoma skin cancer. Basal cell is one of the most common forms of cells and usually grows very slowly. Both types of cells which are known as keratinocyte skin cancers. Like the skin cancer related melanoma the other type of cell is squamous is also linked to the sun-exposure.
The Facts about Melanoma
Following are the key points relating to melanoma which are important in terms of understanding the disease well. The following are key points about melanoma, which are important to understand the disease:
- Melanoma is the rarest type of skin cancer and it is considers to be the most dangerous of the three mostly common type of skin cancers available.
- Melanoma disease can cause up to 2% of skin cancer deaths in the overall figure of nearly 13,000 cancer deaths every year.
- The higher risk factors are identified among the skin cancer Melanoma and the number is increasing every year for the people under the age of 40 years and most of the patients are women.
- The main reason behind having the skin cancer Melanoma is over-exposure to the sunburns and to avoid the skin cancer one should avoid the sun burns completely.
- A biopsy sample and test will confirm the cancer once it is detected.
- Self-monitoring every mole and removing all types of skin tumors will help in the early detection of skin cancer.
- The removal of affected skin and tumors should be performed and tested on time, which will reduce the chances of getting cancer at the early stages.
Recent Studies about Melanoma
Melanoma can develop on any part of the skin, but some areas are more prone to it than others. For men, the part of the skin that is more prone to cancer is the chest and back of the body, and for women, the legs are the most common, along with the face and neck.
Recent Developments in Melanoma
Grapefruit and orange juice can increase the risk of melanoma. According to the survey it is found that the Grapefruit, orange juice linked to increased risk of melanoma increase the risk of cancer more for the deadliest form of skin cancer melanoma. The report was published in the medical science magazine Journal of Clinical Oncology.
- Scientists identified another dangerous cancer gene in melanoma
According to the study it is found that the subgroup of mutations which has a significant number of melanomas and have found out a new dangerous gene as a part of the skin cancer melanoma. It was stated by the experts doing research on melanoma and the report is published in the journal Nature Genetics. It helps in finding more research on the new finding and targeting new therapies which can effectively cure the disease.
- A new-found immunotherapy treatment for cancer boosts the effective treatment
The immunotherapy which is discovered recently for treating cancer offers better approach to deal with cancer and to treat it according to the condition of the disease. The treatment boosts the fight against the cancer and offers hope to many cancer victims who are suffering from the deadly disease.
Are Antioxidants Helpful or Harmful?
The term "antioxidant" is mainly associated with health, and it can often lead to better health and vitality, which is part of a better lifestyle. According to a new study conducted on mice, a wide range of antioxidants not only reduced the effect of cancer on the skin, but also energized the skin to fight back against the cancer cells.
The moles on right arm may cause deadly skin cancer
According to the scientific study the moles on the right arm could be dangerous and it could create a risk of having a cancer. According to the study of modern sciences where the scientific research has undertaken to fin d more information about the risk factor involve in having moles on the right hand.
Causes of Melanoma
It is observed that most people having certain types of skin are certainly more prone to develop melanoma. It can cause cancer due to following causes which are given below
People with certain types of skin are more prone to developing melanoma. The cancer has a higher chance of occurring due to the following causes:
- Having a large number of moles on the body
- Having more than five larger-sized moles on the body
- Having all types of spots, including age spots, gray-brown spots, liver spots, and sun spots
- Having congenital melanocytic nevus, such as brown skin marks present at birth (birth marks).
The risk of cancer can be high in people with pale skin that does not tan easily and burns; light-colored eyes are part of this personality.
Warning signs of Melanoma –
Always look out for the ABCDEs of Melanoma:
Every individual would come across moles, brown spots or growth on any part of the body and in most cases these are harmless. But this may not be the case always. Any individual who has been identified as having more than 100 moles on his or her body is at a greater risk of having melanoma. The first signs of melanoma can appear in one or more atypical moles. Hence it is very important to understand the skin and keep a watch on any changes in the moles on the skin. One can also follow the ABCDE signs which would make it easier to differentiate between the regular moles and the moles leading to melanoma.
Assymetry: If you see a mole which looks a bit different than the regular ones, for example if you draw line through the middle of the mole it would divide into half then it is called as symmetrical however if the two halves do not match then it is termed as asymmetrical and a warning sign that it is a melanoma mole.
Border: A mole which is benign has smooth and even border which is not the case with melanomas mole. The border of the mole in case of early melanoma is uneven and the edges may look notched or scalloped.
Color: Benign moles mostly have the same color, a single shade of brown however it is a warning sign if the mole has variety of colors. It can be different shades of brown, black or tan. In some cases, a melanoma mole also appears red or blue in color.
Diameter: The regular benign moles have a smaller diameter however the melanoma moles have larger diameter but in the initial stage it can get confused with the benign one since they also appear smaller.
Evolving: The regular moles are often the same throughout however one should be alert if the mole tends to change over time. Contact the doctor if you see that the mole has been changing in terms of size, color, elevation or shape. In some cases, it can lead to bleeding, crusting or itching.