Types of sleep apnea
The most common type of sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea is caused when something blocks the airways, either narrowing them or blocking them, causing breath shortness and pausing the breathing process. Constant interruption of breathing ends up in the affected person trying harder to breath, causing strong snoring and other similar sounds. Obstructive sleep apnea is more common in overweight people, but can affect anyone. For example, young children with inflamed tonsils may have obstructive sleep apnea.
Central sleep apnea is a less frequent type of sleep apnea. It happens when the part of the brain that controls the breathing process does not send the correct signals to the respiratory muscles. As a result, the person makes no effort to breathe for short periods. Anyone could suffer from central sleep apnea. However, it is more frequent in those who suffer certain diseases or use certain types of medication that require the organism to receive more oxygen.