What is a Polymer Sponge?
A polymer sponge is a biomedical material that has widespread use in modern medicine. It is made of materials that are connected together to form bonds or long chains. Certain synthetic organic materials that are made from plastic and resin are currently applied in stents and sutures, as well as other implantable devices.
Two groups of obese mice were fed a diet consisting of fatty meals. These mice were showing signs of type 2 diabetes. One group was treated with sponge implants in their fat tissues while the other served as a control group. After a week, the porous material in the implants was observed to have been filled with the mice’s fat cells. The immune cells and blood vessels were also observed in the mice.
On the third week, physical characteristics were examined. There were significant differences between the treated mice and the control group. Firstly, the treated mice did not gain as much body fat than the untreated mice. The control group gained 30 percent more body fat while the mice with implants gained only 10 percent increase in body fat. Secondly, the treated mice also were observed to have lower blood sugar levels as compared to the control group. Thirdly, another notable difference is the presence of a protein that is known to help glucose absorption from the bloodstream into the muscles. The treated mice had 60 percent higher levels of the protein than the control animals. Another remarkable finding of the team was the absence of any negative side effects. The mice with implants reportedly showed no ill-effects of the treatment.