First, your stem cells are collected
So now that we understand a little more about transplants themselves, we can get down to the nitty-gritty of how they work.
In an AUTO transplant, the first step is to collect your stem cells. A doctor will inject a very thin tube into a large vein, this is called a "transplant catheter." The catheter will remain in the vein until the transplant is completed. Your care team will be able to extract stem cells via this tube, as well as administer chemotherapy. You will then get injections of a medication that increases your white blood cell count, better enabling you to fight off infections. This first step takes around one to two weeks, and is done in either a clinic or hospital building. You will not need to stay there overnight.