Steps to Remaining Balanced with Lupus
Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by the body’s immune system being on overdrive and attacking normal, healthy tissues resulting in inflammation and damage to multiple organs like the brain, heart, kidneys, and lungs. Diagnosis can often be difficult as lupus presents similarly to other diseases. A facial rash unfolding like butterfly wings across both cheeks through the bridge of the nose is the most distinctive symptom of lupus. It occurs in many but not all cases. According to data gathered by the Lupus Foundation of America, there are 5 million people who suffer from some form of lupus all over the world.
What Happens in the Body of a Lupus Patient?
The role of the immune system in the body is to produce proteins called antibodies to fight against antigens like viruses and bacteria. In a lupus patient, the immune system fails to distinguish between what is bad and what is not, resulting to it attacking everything altogether leading to swelling and tissue damage.
Lupus arises from a number of risk factors from genetic predisposition to the disease to environmental influences. Those who have inherited a susceptibility to lupus may develop the disease through exposure to certain triggers like sunlight, infections, and medications. Other risk factors include gender, age, and race. Studies have shown that lupus is common among African-American, Hispanic, and Asian women between 15-40 years of age.