The Mystery Behind Celiac Disease
Researchers and doctors alike still struggle to understand celiac disease. Researchers know that when patients with celiac disease consume gluten, it triggers a severe immune response that damages the small intestine. The mystery still remains as to how this disease has come about. Some researchers have found a link between iron deficiency and celiac disease, while others have found no common relation that actually sparks the disease. The autoimmune disease is genetic, but that is all that is known at this time. A popular belief among researchers is that different events may trigger celiac and make it active in people who already have the disease present in their bodies.
International studies show that 1 out of every 100 people have celiac disease. This means that over 3 million Americans are affected by the disease, but only 3% have been officially diagnosed with it. The disease is a autoimmune disease that affects the small intestine when ingesting gluten. Gluten is found in wheat, rye, and barley, so people with celiac should avoid those foods. Even a small amount of gluten will ignite multiple symptoms within the body.
Scientist and the researchers are still struggling to identify about celiac disease. However, it is known that when the patient consumes gluten it is said to trigger the response of the immune system which is severe and it can lead to damage of the small intestine but there is still a mystery as to how this disease has come about. Some say there is a link between celiac and deficiency of iron whereas others do not seem to find any common link that could actually result to the disease.
Celiac is basically a genetic disorder and that is all what is known. It is commonly said that celiac is an autoimmune disease and it affects the small intestine whenever the patient ingests gluten. Gluten can be commonly found in wheat; barley or rye hence celiac patients have to avoid these types of food items since even a small amount of gluten can lead to multiple symptoms. Few of the symptoms of celiac are feeling bloated, gas, skin lesions which are itchy, IBS, frequent case of headache or migraine, constipation, fatigue, intolerance towards lactose, diarrhea, cramps in the stomach, fibromyalgia, eczema, pain in the joints, anemia, infertility, peripheral neuropathy and small intestinal cancer.
Those individuals who face any of these symptoms should get themselves diagnosed before they start the gluten free diet. If you are trying to go on a gluten free diet even before you are diagnosed can lead to fatty test results. Hence it becomes important to resume your normal diet and go for tests for getting the accurate diagnosis.
In case of celiac the known trigger is gluten out here and the moment they consume gluten food the body starts to react and fight itself off or in this particular case it can be the small intestine. For those who know that they are suffering from celiac, removing gluten from their diet can bring the symptoms to a halt and this has helped the researchers in identifying that an “auto-antigen” is said to be part of the trigger. Auto-antigens are basically part of the cells which are said to provoke the immune response leading to the body attack itself and destroy its own healthy tissues. By understanding what the trigger is has helped the researchers to understand the disease’s complexity and also they have gained further understanding on how the body’s immune system is known to process the gluten and how it gets activated.
The Celiac Disease Foundation is known to be part of the various trials as well as research. They are known to be combining with another research network which would allow for the celiac patients to provide their inputs as well as their experience about this disease. By doing so the researchers would be able to determine the pattern as well as the various connections between any other autoimmune diseases. Across the globe this has become a high issue and researchers have also find out that those who suffer from celiac, Crohns or multiple sclerosis are very commonly found today than few years back.