Healthy Living

Treatment Options for Depression and Anxiety

Treatment Options for Depression and Anxiety

Anxiety and depression are similar conditions that develop when neurotransmitters, like serotonin, are not as effective. Low serotonin levels, as well as dopamine and epinephrine levels, play an important role in the development of both anxiety and depression. Since both conditions affect the same neurotransmitters, they can also share certain symptoms. These transmitters are highly influential in the body, which is why it is possible for both conditions to occur at the same time. Both anxiety and depression are frequently treated with similar methods as well.

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Anxiety and depression are highly treatable, but the first step to recovery is to seek medical attention. All doubts, insecurities, experiences, feelings, thoughts, and worries must be told to your doctor or therapist in order for treatment to be effective. If you are confused about the symptoms that occur with depression or anxiety, it is best to consult with your doctor to reach an appropriate diagnosis. It is your doctor's job to reach the correct diagnosis and recommend the most effective treatment to manage your symptoms and manage your condition.

After Getting a Diagnosis

If your doctor wants to see you on multiple occasions before prescribing medication, this is a good sign. It indicates that your doctor is monitoring your condition with diligence. It's also beneficial to see your doctor on a regular basis if you are taking medications, so you can discuss any side effects and if the medications are effective. 

If Depression Is Caused by Anxiety

When an individual's depression is a response to his or her anxiety, they will no longer have the energy or motivation to overcome the anxiety. In this case, either medication or cognitive behavioral methods can be used to overcome depression.

If Anxiety Is Caused by Depression

If an individual experiences severe depression before the diagnosis or develops an anxiety disorder, it typically means that the body's reaction to depression has resulted in the development of anxiety. This depression, called primary depression, is likely to require medication treatment.

The Bottom Line

Often, anxiety disorders and depression can be treated similarly depending on the symptoms. In most cases, a combination of psychotherapy and medication has proven to be effective. There are several forms of psychotherapies available, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, that focus on taking certain steps to overcome anxiety and depression. Therapy works to replace negative, unproductive, and possibly destructive thought patterns.

Other proven psychotherapies include interpersonal therapy and problem-solving therapy. Pharmacologic treatment, such as the use of SSRIs and SNRIs, can also be useful.