Healthy Living

What are the Treatment Options for Sinusitis?

What are the Treatment Options for Sinusitis?

Sinusitis is a very common and painful condition affecting about 37 million people in the country. Unfortunately, this condition is not understood completely and many people end up with the wrong diagnosis and treatment. Appropriate treatment for this condition is really helpful in alleviating the symptoms of sinusitis, irrespective of the type of the condition. The most important facts in determining the type of treatment is the underlying problem that causes sinusitis. In most cases, different treatment options are combined to give the best relief. 

Some of the common recommendations for treating sinusitis include:

  • Antibiotics are the most common choice for sinusitis that is caused by a bacterial infection. The antibiotics is given for two weeks in the case of acute sinusitis, while the duration of treatment may be longer in the case of chronic conditions. Antibiotics may not be of use in the case of viral infections.
  • Overall discomfort and weariness due to sinusitis can be treated with over-the-counter medications, like ibuprofen and acetaminophen. This should be taken only for a maximum of one week.
  • Mucus build up in the airways can be reduced by using decongestants. These are available in the form of nasal sprays or pills. Spray decongestants should not be used for more than three days, as it may increase congestion after a period of time.
  • Allergies are one of the most common cause of sinusitis, so allergy medications like antihistamines are prescribed to control the condition. One may also opt for allergy shots to get long-term protection from sinusitis due to allergies.
  • Inhaled steroids is an option to reduce the swelling of the membranes in sinuses. Oral steroids are prescribed for chronic sinusitis to get long-term protection.
  • If sinusitis is caused by polyps that block the passages, surgery may be opted for. Removing the blockages may help to drain sinuses completely and reduce the symptoms.

Typical home remedies can provide temporary or complete relief of sinusitis: 

  • Use humidifiers in the room, but remember to clean the filter to prevent the growth of mold.
  • Use steam inhalers or run a hot shower and breathe in the steam. This will help to reduce congestion and swelling of the nasal passages.
  • Apply a warm and wet towel on the face to relieve the pressure on the sinuses.
  • Nasal saline solutions are good to prevent drying up of the passages. Nasal irrigation with salt water also helps to keep the nasal passages moist.
  • Drinking plenty of fluids are the best way to keep the mucus watery and thin and thus prevent the blockage in the sinuses.
  • Getting adequate rest helps the sinuses to recover fast.