Healthy Living

What is the Difference Between Celiac Disease, Gluten Sensitivity and a Wheat Allergy?

What is the Difference Between Celiac Disease, Gluten Sensitivity and a Wheat Allergy?

The Differences Could Surprise Some

With the gluten-free diet growing as the years go on, it can be confusing for many with the terms that are being applied to various diets and products. Knowing the key differences between celiac disease, gluten sensitivity, and a wheat allergy can lead to a healthier lifestyle and assist in a healthier diet. Each issue comes with their own unique set of complications and dietary restrictions that vary. Although there are more issues and problems related to gluten, the core issues continue to remain are wheat allergies, celiac disease, and gluten sensitivity. Tests for all of these issues might be a slow process and seem challenging, but the longer term benefits will be rewarding in the longer run when a healthier diet is set out for an individual to follow. Annual check-ups and a proper reading of labels are essential in keeping up a gluten-free diet for any gluten related problem. 

Wheat allergies- these are similar to other allergies. The allergen that is ingested is attacked by the white blood cells. Very few people know that if a person has wheat allergy, and intolerance to wheat, that person from non- wheat sources may still consume gluten, if they have received proper guidance from the healthcare professional and if this is the only issue being faced. Wheat allergy symptoms may be analogous to asthma, runny nose, skin rash, stomach cramps and sneezing. Wheat based ingredients include bread, non food items and pasta. A way to manage symptoms is by avoiding these foods.

Celiac disease- the condition can cause serious damage to the intestine by eating gluten. The regimen followed is very strict and there can be health issues in the long term if not followed properly. Some few problems include vitamin deficiency, gall bladder malfunction, nervous system disorder, lactose intolerance and anaemia. Hence it is suggested that the person should be carefully monitored. Celiac disease is of two types:

  • Non classical celiac disease- without certain indication of improper absorption the person may have mild issues and gastrointestinal problems.
  • Classical celiac disease- throughout the body various signs of malabsoprtion are found. The signs are typical and the issues are not just limited to growth and weight loss.
  • Silent celiac disease- this disease is asymptomatic. The person may not experience the usual symptoms of celiac disease but to the small intestine the person may face discomfort and damage. Overall health may benefit if the person follows gluten free diet even if no symptoms are reported. It will also help decrease bloating, the smaller intestinal related problems will reduce and there will be more control over acid reflux.

Key diagnosis

For treating the symptoms having the right diagnosiscan make all the difference for any forms of celiac disease. It will also promote better health management. Proper screening of celiac disease should be done for those who are three and older than that and are experiencing the symptoms of celiac disease. At first the symptoms may start out as mild but for years it may continue. The same issue can be faced by the first degree relatives. Hence based on evaluation and monitoring of the diet it is recommended then family members should get themselves tested. The only treatment for celiac disease is gluten- free diet. The person should avoid products such as wheat and barley. If there are any gluten triggers on appliances then they should be cleaned. Even if over the course of years, the symptoms get better still It is highly suggested to get follow-ups throughout the year.

Certain changes

It is critical to keep up with certain vitamin and dietary supplements. Use vitamins that are gluten free. For intake do not exceed the daily value. Those unable to process gluten have bone health issues. Hence the health care professional may include calcium and vitamin D. The diet should be properly managed, annual routine check up, following healthier lifestyle can help. The symptoms and side effects will not disappear even after following a gluten free diet.