Treatment of Fibromyalgia
Over-the-counter drugs pain killers can treat widespread pain. Narcotics are not recommended since they increase pain with time.
In 2004, the first drug that can be used to treat fibromyalgia was approved. This was pregabalin as it seemed to calm overactive nerves. However, the drug has two side effects; sleepiness and dizziness.
Two drugs have also been approved since then: duloxetine and milnacipran. Duloxetine is used to treat neuropathic nerve pain, depression and anxiety. Milnacipran is an antidepressant for treating fibromyalgia.
These drugs have help many with the disease. However, many also find little relief when they use this medication.
It is recommended that patients should seek occupational and physical therapy to improve muscle flexibility and strength. Also, tai chi, counseling, medication, and yoga can help lower stress. Massage is also recommended as it relaxes muscles, improve range of motion in joints and muscles and reduces stress.
There have been several attempts to find alternative treatments, and there are several studies underway into behavioral therapy, sleep interventions, and exercise.