Although treatments have greatly improved over the last few decades (involving the use of less toxic medicine), there is still some risk of cancer recurrence or second cancers. A second cancer can occur at whatever time during survivorship, although some studies indicate that second cancers commonly develop from 5-9 years after completing treatment for the initial cancer. For this reason, it is important that cancer survivors understand what their risks are and visit their doctors on a regular basis for follow-up care. The findings of this particular study can help doctors to identify patients who are at an increased risk of second cancers and those who might benefit from new risk-adapted treatment strategies.
Currently, clinical trials are underway to assess the impact of these new treatment strategies and to determine how exactly they can help monitor and treat signs of specific second cancers. In the meantime, it is recommended that Hodgkin lymphoma survivors:
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Maintain a healthy, nutrient-rich diet
- Stay physically active
- Avoid or quit smoking
- Limit alcohol intake to 1 drink per day for women and 2 drinks per day for men
- Limit exposure to ultraviolet radiation