A number of factors can increase the risk of sinusitis.
Smoking, large adenoids, exposure to viruses that cause infection, a weak immune system and abnormalities in the nasal passages increase the risk of acute sinusitis.
4 Making a Diagnosis
Thorough physical examination helps in the diagnosis of Acute sinusitis.
Examination of nasal passages reveals the presence of inflammation and fluid. This will also help in checking for nasal polyps or a deviated nasal septum.
Nasal endoscopy is used to clearly see the nasal passages and the sinus cavities.
Imaging techniques like MRIs and CT scans also help to see the inner parts of nasal area and sinuses. If acute sinusitis does not respond to the conventional treatment, nasal and sinus cultures will be recommended.
Allergy testing is also done in sinusitis when triggered by allergies.
Most cases of acute sinusitis are caused by viruses and do not need any specific treatment.
The symptoms resolve on its own within three to four weeks. Treatment of sinusitis helps to relieve symptoms like pain and inflammation.
Nasal passages are cleared using nasal sprays. Corticosteroids are used to control inflammation of the nasal cavities. Fluticasone, mometasone, budesonide, triamcinolone, and beclomethasone are also recommended as anti-inflammatory agents.
Over-the-counter medications are used to relieve congestion. Pain is controlled by over-the-counter pain medications as well such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
Antibiotics are prescribed in case of persistent bacterial infections that cause acute sinusitis. Antifungal medications are suggested for fungal infections that result in acute sinusitis.
The dose of antifungals are based on severity of infection.
In some cases, allergies cause acute sinusitis, and this is controlled by immunotherapy.
6 Alternative and Homeopathic Remedies
Many alternative and homeopathic remedies are used to ease congestion and relieve symptoms of acute sinusitis.
Bromelain is used to reduce swelling in the nasal passages.
Inhalation of steam after adding a few drops of eucalyptus oil helps to keep the sinuses moist.
Staying hydrated and having spicy foods helps to relieve symptoms.
In homeopathy, arsenicum is recommended for relieving pain. Belladone is useful when the head feels full.
Kali bichromicum, Mercuricum, pulsatilla, and spigella are also recommended.
Managing allergies and avoiding allergens are helpful in preventing and controlling Acute sinusitis.
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