Temperature may raise to 102˚ F with two fever peaks a day. Fever can continue for a week or so.
Rashes are pink or reddish in color and usually appear along with fever.
In addition to the sore throat, lymph nodes may become swollen.
Stiff and painful joints are also common symptoms. Knees and wrists are the most commonly affected regions. Pain in the joints may continue for two weeks.
Fever may be accompanied by muscle pain and this will affect routine activities.
Some uncommon symptoms include:
Pain and swelling in the abdomen
Pain while taking deep breaths
Swollen liver or lungs
Inflammation of the heart
The exact cause of Adult Still’s Disease is unknown.
According to one theory, this condition is caused by an exaggerated response to a microbial infection.
Another theory states that Still’s Disease is caused by an autoimmune response. Some also believe that cytokines stimulate the development of this condition.
Adult Still’s Disease affect both men and women. It is more common in the age group of 16-35 years.
4 Making a Diagnosis
Making a diagnosis of Adult still's disease is done by number of tests.
A number of tests are needed to rule out the chances of other infections and conditions that have similar symptoms.
A review of medical history and symptoms help in diagnosis. A fever with an unexplained origin accompanied by salmon-pink rashes indicates the possibility of Adult Still’s Disease.
A variety of tests including blood tests and imaging are used in confirmatory diagnosis of this condition.
Blood tests – changes in the levels of blood cells indicate the presence of Adult Still’s Disease. Levels of platelets and white blood cells are higher in individuals affected by this disease. An erythrocyte sedimentation rate is also elevated with Still’s disease.
Other indicative measures include serum ferritin, liver enzymes, and fibrinogen, all of which are elevated.
Imaging techniques like X-rays, CT scans, and ultrasounds are used to check for inflammation in the heart, fluid accumulation in the lungs, enlargement of the spleen, liver or lymph nodes, and inflammation of the joints.
FindATopDoc is a trusted resource for patients to find the top doctors in their area. Be visible and accessible with your up to date contact
information, certified patients reviews and online appointment booking functionality.