Pediatric sleep apnea can be diagnosed by means of polysomnogram (PSG), a type of overnight sleep study. While the symptoms usually tell that a child has it, pediatric obstructive sleep apnea cannot be formally diagnosed without this sleep study.
The sleep study helps evaluate the patient’s breathing during the course of sleep. Wires are connected to the parts of the child’s head, chest and legs to monitor him or her all through the night.
The polysomnogram monitors the breathing pattern, oxygen level, and sleep pattern.
Age is the main risk factor of Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea.