No cause for primary cough headaches has been identified yet.
The probable reasons for secondary cough headaches are:
An abnormal the skull shape
Structural defects in the cerebellum that can cause balance problems. These defects are called Chiari malformations.
A weakness in wall of the blood vessels in your brain (cerebral aneurysm).
A tumor in brain.
A leak in cerebrospinal fluid.
4 Making a Diagnosis
Visit your doctor if you experience any signs and symptoms of cough headaches that worry you to receive a diagnosis. In some cases, your doctor may refer you to a neurologist.
How can I prepare for the visit
Getting prepared for the visit can optimize the therapy and help make the visit more fruitful.
List out all the symptoms
Write down your key medical information.
Write down the names of all your medications, vitamins or supplements.
Make a list of the questions to ask your doctor.
Some typical question can be:
What could be probable cause of my headaches?
What kinds of tests do I need?
How long will these headaches last?
What are the treatment options and their side effects?
Should I see a specialist?
What does the doctor want to know
A clear talk with your doctor can optimize the therapy and improve the outcomes. Prepare yourself to answer some essential questions from your doctor.
Your doctor might ask you typical questions like:
When did your symptoms start appearing?
Are your cough headaches episodic or continuous?
Do you have a history of headaches?
Do you have a family history of migraine or cough headaches?
Does any factor improve or worsen your headaches?
You may need brain-imaging tests like MRI or CT scans, to determine if your headaches are caused by other health problems.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): An MRI uses a magnetic field and radio waves are to create detailed images of brain structures which might help to identify any underlying cause of your cough headache.
Computerized tomography (CT) scan: A cranial computerized tomography (CT) scan is done to assess the brain right after injury. It is a standard test for brain injury assessment that uses X-rays to obtain cross-sectional images of your skull and brain.
Different treatment approaches are implemented based on the type of cough headaches.
Primary cough headache
If you are already a victim of primary cough headaches, preventing the occurrence of the headaches is the key. Daily medications may be recommended to help prevent or reduce the pain. Some drugs are:
Indomethacin, a pain reliever
Propranolol, an agent used in high blood pressure
A diuretic, acetazolamide may be used to reduce pressure inside the skull
Apart from those mentioned above, some other drugs might also be used. Some of them are methysergide, naproxen, ergonovine, intravenous dihydroergotamine and phenelzine.
In rare cases, your doctor may consider a spinal tap (lumbar puncture) to remove a portion of the fluid that surrounds your brain and spinal cord. The main reason behind removing the fluid is to decrease pressure inside your skull that might be responsible for the headaches.
Secondary cough headache
Since secondary cough headaches are caused due to some underlying causes in the brain, surgery is often a definitive treatment. Remember that pain medications may not ease pain of secondary cough headaches.
To prevent cough headaches, you need to prevent the triggering factors such as coughing, sneezing or straining during bowel evacuation.
You may consider following preventive measures:
Immediately treat lung infections, such as bronchitis
Stop taking the medications that cause coughing as their side effects
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