Several treatment methods exist for craniopharyngioma, which include:
Your doctor usually removes all or part of the tumor if you have craniopharyngioma. The type of surgery opted is based on the location and size of your tumor.
Your surgeon may opt:
The tumor is removed by opening the skull. This process is called craniotomy.
Minimally invasive surgery
This includes reaching the tumor through your nose or small cut above your upper lip. Then special surgical instruments can be used to remove the tumor. This is called transsphenoidal surgery as it involves your sphenoid bone.
Surgeons usually opt for removal of whole tumor which may not be always possible as the surgery can affect nearby delicate and important structures.
In such cases, other treatments may be recommended after surgery.
Also called stereotactic radiosurgery, this procedure delivers a high dose of radiation to specific areas. It is opted when entire tumor removal is not possible.
High energy beams, such as X-rays, are used to destroy tumors. Craniopharyngioma can be effectively treated by advanced radiation technology, such as intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT).
These advanced treatments also minimize radiation exposure to normal tissues, such as
The complications of craniopharyngioma treatment include:
Nervous system problems
6 Risks and Complications
There is a risk of craniopharyngioma to develop again if entire tumor is not removed.
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