Dressler's syndrome, also known as postpericardiotomy syndrome, postmyocardial infarction syndrome and postcardiac injury syndrome, is a type of pericarditis (inflammation of the heart sac) that can follow any type of injury to the heart muscle.
Types of injueries that can lead to Dressler's syndrome include
There are several complications associated with Dressler's syndrome.
Dressler's syndrome can lead to accumulation of fluid in the membranes around the lungs (pleural effusion).
Other complications associated with Dressler's syndrome include:
Cardiac tamponade: Occurs due to accumalation of fluid in the pericardium (pericardial effusion). This fluid can put pressure on the heart making it to work harder than normal and reducing its pumping ability.
Constrictive pericarditis: Occurs due to recurring or chronic inflammation which causes the pericardium to get thicker. This in turn leads to a reduction in the heart's ability to pump blood efficiently.
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