Growth plate fractures are mostly caused by a fall.
They can also occur due to a blow to a limb as might happen during a car accident, competitive sports like football and recreational activities like biking, skiing or skateboarding.
4 Making a Diagnosis
Because growth plated haven't hardened into solid bone, doctors usually make X-ray images of the affected limb and the opposite limb in order to make a diagnosis.
This helps them to compare the different limbs. Computer tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used in severe cases to visualize if there is any injury to the soft tossues around a bone.
Mild forms of growth plate fractures may only require a cast or splint while severe cases may require surgery.
Frequent X-rays may be recommended to ensure that the growth plate is growing properly.
Follow up checks might also be recommended until a child's bones have finished growing.
This can last for several years.
6 Risks and Complications
There are several risks and complications associated with growth plate fractures.
Growth plate fractures occur mostly in boys than in girls. This is because at the age of 12 the growth plate of girls is already replaced with solid bone.
Complications rarely occur. When they occur they usually include; crooked limbs or stunted growth. Factors that increase the risk of having crooked limbs or stunted growth include:
Severity of the injury
Age of the child (younger children have a higher risk of having crroked limbs or stunted growth)
Location of the injury. The growth plares around the knee are more sensitive to injury while those around the sholuders and wrists usually heal without problems.
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