Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a group of lung diseases that cause progressive irreversible scarring of the lung tissue. This causes the lungs to become stiff and impair the lung's ability to expand during respiration. This makes breathing difficult and reduces the oxygen supply to the body.
Some of the causes of of ILD are:
autoimmune or rheumatologic diseases,
occupational and organic exposures,
exposure to radiation.
However,in some cases of ILD the cause is idiopathic (unknown).
Examples of IDL with no known case include:
progressive fibrotic lung disease,
idiopathic interstitial pneumonias like nonspecific interstitial pneumonia,
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