Meniere's disease is the disorder of the inner ear that can affect our balance and hearing and may cause vertigo (when you feel like the things around you are moving even if they are not), you may also have hearing loss and at the same time tinnitus (when you can hear a sound but there is none in your surroundings).
You may also feel pressure in your ear. It may affect the membranous labyrinth of the ear. It occurs between the ages of 20 and 50 but sometimes it can occur at any age.
Meniere's disease affects only one ear in most cases. Experts say it is a chronic condition but there are treatments and medications that will help remove the symptoms.
The symptoms and signs of Meniere's disease are vertigo, which makes you think that everything around you is moving even if it is not, like spinning objects which last up to 20 minutes up to a few hours but not the whole 24 hours.
Severe vertigo may cause vomiting and nausea; Tinnitus or the ringing in the ear, you can hear a sound even if there isn’t around you, the roaring and buzzing, hissing and whistling sound; Hearing loss, a lot of people may have permanent hearing loss but for some it will only come and go; another symptom is feeling of fullness in your ear or pressure in your ear.
This signs and symptoms may improve and can occur from weeks to years apart or might disappear entirely.
There are no known causes of Meniere’s disease. There are only theories but not yet proven, one is the result of the abnormal amount of fluid which is the endolymph in the inner ear and it mostly seen on autopsies.
Improper fluid drainage, allergies, viral infections, genetic predisposition, head trauma, abnormal immune response, and migraines are the factors that affect the abnormal amount of fluid.
4 Making a Diagnosis
You might want to visit your ENT specialist or an audiologist and a neurologist that specializes in the nervous system to receive a diagnosis of Meniere's disease.
Your doctor may ask you questions such as:
For how long are you experiencing these said symptoms?
What are the signs and symptoms that you are experiencing?
What are the major stresses in your life?
Your doctor may ask your medical history.
Make a list of all the vitamins, supplements, and medications that you are taking every day.
You should write these down beforehand so you will not forget things that you want to ask or relevant information that your doctor will ask you.
Bring your closest friend or a family member when seeing a doctor so that he can help you remember things and support you if it is a bad news.
You may ask questions such as:
What is the cause of this?
Are there any treatments or medications?
What laboratory tests do I need to do?
How can I manage this disease?
If there are lots of tests, ask what to do first and if you need all of it.
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