Nasal And Paranasal Tumors

1 What are Nasal and Paranasal Tumors?

Nasal and paranasal tumors are unusual growths that are found in the nasal cavity. While nasal tumors primarily starts within the nasal cavity, paranasal tumors grow in the paranasal sinuses, or the air-filled chambers in the nose.  

These abnormal growths can either be benign or malignant.

Benign tumors are noncancerous tumors while the malignant ones may cause cancer.

There are several types of nasal and paranasal tumors.

Treatment options vary depending on the type of tumor you have.

2 Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of nasal and paranasal tumors usually manifest as the tumor grows. These include:

  • Sinus pressure or blocked sinuses
  • Pain in the head and sinuses
  • Runny nose
  • Bleeding in the nose
  • A sore or lump in the nose
  • A lump on the roof of the mouth or face
  • Numbness in the face
  • Issues in the eyes, such as swelling and double vision
  • Loose teeth, toothache
  • Pressure or pain in the ear

3 Making a Diagnosis

To help make a diagnosis of nasal and paranasal tumors, the doctor may use the following:

  • Medical history and physical exam. The history of the patient’s past illness, health habits, and treatments will be considered. The doctor will also check the body’s vital signs, as well as look for any signs of disease or anything unusual. The doctor will check the nose and face for any abnormalities, such as lumps.
  • Imaging tests. X-rays and MRI may also be used to see more detailed images of the affected area. 
  • Biopsy. This procedure involves taking a tissue or cell sample and examining it for any indication of cancer. Several types of biopsy are available; these are the FNA or Fine Needle Aspiration biopsy, Incisional biopsy, and Excisional biopsy.
  • Nanoscopy. This procedure involves using a nanoscope to further check the condition of the nose. 
  • Laryngoscopy. A mirror-like instrument called a laryngoscope, is used to see the larynx. 

4 Risks and Complications

You will be at higher risk for nasal and paranasal tumors if you are constantly exposed to certain dust or chemicals, especially in the workplace.

High-risk jobs include:

  • furniture-making,
  • carpentry,
  • sawmill work,
  • shoemaking,
  • flour mill,
  • bakery,
  • metal plating among others.

In addition, your risk takes a notch higher if you have been infected with HPV or human papillomavirus, is smoking, and you are a male aged 40 and above.

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