To help relieve or manage the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), your doctor may recommend medication treatment and may advice lifestyle changes.
Some of the possible medications that your doctor might give you include:
antidepressants – SSRIs such a sfluoxetine (Sarafem or Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft) and paroxetine (Pexeva or Paxil) may reduce mood symptoms that are mostly taken every day and in some cases these are just limited for two weeks before the menstruation begins,
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) – such as ibuprofen (Motrin IB and Advil) or naproxen (Naprosyn and Aleve) for breast discomfort and cramping,
Diuretics – such as spironolactone (Aldactone), these are water pills to help you remove excess fluid through your kidneys to reduce the swelling, bloating and weight gain,
Hormonal contraceptives – these might stop ovulation.
You cannot prevent premenstrual syndrome (PMS) but you can follow these tips to reduce the risk of having severe symptoms:
exercise regularly to provide a feeling of well-being and to reduce the pain.
limit your alcohol, chocolate, slat and caffeine intake.
eat foods that are rich in calcium whole grains, fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy.
reduce your stress by getting enough rest, learning relaxation techniques and managing your time.
7 Alternative and Homeopathic Remedies
Some of the alternative remedies for the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include:
calcium – to reduce psychological and physical symptoms, have a 1,200 mg of calcium such as calcium carbonate (Rolaids or Tums);
magnesium – to reduce breast tenderness, fluid retention and bloating, take 360 mg of supplemental magnesium;
vitamin E – for the reduction of prostaglandins, take 400 international units daily;
herbal remedies – for the relief of symptoms such as ginkgo, chasteberry, ginger, St. John’s wort and evening primrose oil but these herbal medicines have no record of product safety or effectiveness because they are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration;
acupuncture – sterilized stainless steel needles will be inserted in certain points on the body for the relief of the symptoms.
8 Lifestyle and Coping
Some of the lifestyle changes can reduce or manage the symptoms of PMS such as:
limit your salt intake or salty foods to reduce fluid retention and bloating,
eat smaller but more-frequent meals to reduce the sensation of fullness and bloating,
eat foods rich in calcium or a calcium supplementary,
avid alcohol and caffeine,
eat foods that are rich in carbohydrates such as whole grains,
have a regular exercise such as cycling, brisk walking, aerobic activity or swimming for at least 30 minutes because these can help if you are in a depressed mood or tired,
get enough sleep,
try relaxation techniques such as yoga,
try deep-breathing and muscle relaxation.
Record PMS for at least two menstrual cycles so you can see what triggers them and what makes it better.
9 Risks and Complications
There are several risks and complications associated with premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
The risk factor of PMS include:
family history of PMS,
depression and anxiety or other mental health problems,
lack of exercise,
age, they are most common in women in their 30s,
high caffeine intake,
and a diet low in calcium, magnesium or vitamin B6.
The two most severe complications of PMS are depression (low mood feelings without any apparent reason) and anxiety (the feeling of tension, agitation and general anxiety for no apparent reason).
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