Doctors aren’t certain what causes stage 4 prostate cancer.
Stage 4 prostate cancer grows big enough to involve nearby organs and tissues such as bladder.
This happens when the cancer cells break from the prostate gland and escape in the blood stream to other parts of the body.
The cancer cells most often travel to lymph nodes, liver and bones.
4 Making a Diagnosis
If your doctor suspects prostate cancer, certain tests might be considered for the diagnosis. These tests include:
Imaging tests: Imaging tests such as ultrasonography, Magnetic resonance imaging, Computerized tomography and Positron emission tomography are done to establish the diagnosis.
Biopsy: Atissue sample from the affected area is taken and examined by the pathologist under microscope for better understanding of the tumor.
Several treatments exist for stage 4 prostate cancer that may slow the cancer and extend your life.
It includes blockage of male hormone testosterone which helps in the growth of cancerous cells. Hormone therapy might be used alone or after radiation therapy or surgery.
Some hormone therapy options include: medications that stop production of testosterone- medications such as luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists and antagonist prevent testicles from taking up testosterone.
Surgery to remove testicles(orchiectomy)
Removing the testicles which is testosterone producing organ will reduce the levels of testosterone in the body. Medications block testosterone from reaching cancer cells- medications such as anti-androgens prevent the testosterone from reaching the cancer cells. Side effects of hormone therapy include
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