Systemic mastocytosis is a rare disorder in which there are increased number of mast calls in the body. Often occurs due to mutation. When these mast cells are activated they can release various substances which result in various symptoms.
There are seven types of systemic mastocytosis. Some of them progress slowly and others rapidly. There are some cancerous subtypes also.
Treatment varies on the type of systemic mastocytosis. Basic components of treatment are:
Treating and controlling symptoms: Medications like anti-histamines and aspirin and certain drugs can be used, corticosteroids can be used topically, epinephrine injection in severe cases.
Regular monitoring: Regular blood and urine analysis which gives a better picture of the disease to doctors. Bone density measurements every two year is a regular component of treatment because systemic mastocytosis often effects bone and bone and bone marrow.
Chemotherapy is used only in aggressive forms of systemic mastocytosis or if mastocytosis is associated with another blood disorder.
Some of the preventive measures for systemic mastocytosis include:
Avoiding alcohol, spicy food,
allergic test must be performed on patient before consumption of medications.
7 Risks and Complications
Risks of systemic mastocytosis include:
having other allergic conditions or having underlying blood disorder.
Complication of severe mastocytosis can be death due to anaphylactic shock.
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