Pain or tenderness on the outer part of the elbow, which can spread to the forearm and wrist is the main symptom of tennis elbow.
Tennis elbow pain can be elicited by doing the following activities:
Gripping a doorknob
Lifting small objects using the wrists
Holding an object like a coffee cup
Pouring a container of liquid
You need to see a doctor if ice or pain medications does not relieve symptoms of tennis elbow.
Playing tennis, especially when proper technique is not used, can often cause tennis elbow.
The forearm, starting from the elbow, forearm to the wrists, has lots of muscles and tendons in such a small space to allow a wide range of movement.
The elbows carry the significant weight of the forearm and the object being carried during arm movements.
The elbow houses a hinge joint, several ligaments, tendons, and muscles, and so has little room for swelling.
Repetitive and forceful contraction of the upper arms can cause tiny tears in the tendons that attach to the outer part of the elbow, resulting in pain.
The muscles attached to the outer elbow can also sustain damage and cause discomfort.
The damaged tendons and muscles also tend to swell, pressing to the nerves causing pain and tenderness to the forearm.
However, other activities can also cause the condition, such as:
Loosening or tightening motions, as in fixing and installing plumbing
Driving or loosening screw, nuts or bolts
Cutting up meat or produce
4 Making a Diagnosis
Making a diagnosis of tennis elbow is done during physical exam.
You are likely to seek the services of a family doctor. If treatments fail to relieve symptoms, you might be referred to a sports medicine specialist or orthopedic surgeon.
You can do certain things to prepare yourself before the appointment.
Make a list describing your symptoms, when do symptoms appear or get worse, and history of recent injuries to the arm and elbows.
You must also list the medicines and supplements you take.
During the appointment, the doctor will discuss your medical history, like having rheumatoid arthritis or nerve disease, having occupations or tasks that require repetitive movements of the arm, or playing sports associated with risk of tennis elbow.
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