Ophthalmic ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone used in treatment of bacterial infections of the eye and corneal ulcers of the eye.
This drug kills bacteria by disrupting their DNA.
Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic preparation requires a prescription.
2 What to Know Before Using
Before taking this drug, the risks and benefits for your body should be discussed with your healthcare provider. Inform your healthcare provider for any allergic reactions to this medicine or any other medicines, foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. Carefully read the label of non-prescription drugs for any possible allergic reaction or contraindications.
This drug is not recommended in infants and children up to 2 years of age (ophthalmic ointment) and 1 year of age (ophthalmic solution).
Children beyond 2 years of age taking this drug are not expected to cause different side effects or problems than it does in adults.
Many medicines have not been studied specifically in older people. Therefore, it may not be known whether they work exactly the same way they do in younger adults or if they cause different side effects or problems in older people. There is no specific information comparing use of ophthalmic ciprofloxacin in the elderly with use in other age groups.
Adverse effects have been reported in animals but there are no adequate studies in pregnant women or animals.
This drug poses minimal risk to the infant when used during breastfeeding. In cases where combination therapy is required, your healthcare provider may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary.
While taking this drug, inform your healthcare professional if you are also taking:
Intake of specific food or using alcohol or tobacco with chloramphenicol is associated with an increased risk of certain side effects. Your healthcare profesional can give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Observe proper hygiene before using the ophthalmic ointment or eye drops. Follow the instructions in the label or as advised by your healthcare professional. Ophthalmic ciprofloxacin should be used for the full time of treatment. The dosage of this medicine will be different for different patients.
The dosage of this drug you take depends on the medical problem for which you are using this drug.
Adults and children 2 years of age and older with bacterial conjunctivitis are prescribed with a ВЅ-inch strip of eye ointment in each eye three times a day for the first two days, then use a ВЅ-inch strip of eye ointment in each eye two times a day for the next five days.
Use and dose in infants and children up to 2 years of age must be determined by your doctor. When treating bacterial conjunctivitis using an ophthalmic solution, use 1 drop in each eye every two hours for two days for adults and children 1 year of age and older. Then use 1 drop in each eye every four hours for the next five days. Use and dose for Infants and children up to 1 year of age must be determined by your doctor.
Adults and children 1 year of age and older with corneal ulcers are prescribed with 2 drops in the affected eye every fifteen minutes for six hours, then 2 drops every thirty minutes for the rest of the day. On day two, 2 drops every hour. On days three through fourteen, 2 drops every four hours.
A missed dose should be taken as soon as possible. However, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule if it is almost time for your next dose.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing. Keep out of the reach of children. Dispose any outdated or expired drugs and ask your healthcare professional for the proper disposal of the drugs.
4 Precautions to Take
Consult with your healthcare professional if your eye infection does not improve or becomes worse within a few days.
This medicine may cause your eyes to become more sensitive to light than they are normally.
Wearing sunglasses and avoiding too much exposure to bright light may help lessen the discomfort.
5 Potential Side Effects
Side effects may vary for each individual and prompt medical attention should be given if they occur.
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. As your body adjusts to the medicine, the side effects will slowly disappear. Ask your healthcare professional about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.
If any of the following side effects persists, or are inconvenient, or if you notice any other effects, or if you have any questions about them, consult with your health care professional.
Report any side effects to the FDA hotline at 1-800-FDA-1088
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