1 What is Cipro?

Brand: Cipro

Generic: Ciprofloxacin tablet

Ciprofloxacin tablet is a drug used in the treatment of urinary tract infections such as those caused by Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus saprophyticus a, Klebsiella pneumonia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Ciprofloxacin tablet is available as a 500 mg or as a 1000 mg extended release tablet.


You should read the product information leaflet before using this medication. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

This medication should be taken by mouth as instructed by your doctor. Do not crush or chew the drug because it may diminish its effects. This medication should be taken with a full glass of water unless your doctor tells you otherwise. You should swallow the drug whole.

Your dosage is based on your medical condition and the way you will respond to treatment. Take this drug regularly to experience the most benefits. You should also take this drug at the same time each day.

If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you remember. Continue to use it as prescribed by your doctor or as stated on the package label.


Ciprofloxacin tablet may interact with medications such as:

  • Live bacterial vaccines (e.g., typhoid, BCG)
  • Blood thinners (e.g., warfarin)
  • Corticosteroids (e.g., prednisone, hydrocortisone)
  • Cyclosporine
  • Drugs removed from your body by certain liver enzymes (such as clozapine, duloxetine, phenytoin, ropinirole, tacrine)
  • Drugs for diabetes (e.g., glyburide, insulin)
  • Methotrexate
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs such as ibuprofen, naproxen)
  • Probenecid
  • Sevelamer
  • Strontium
  • Tizanidine
  • Theophylline
  • Urinary alkalinizers (e.g., potassium/sodium citrate)
  • Amiodarone
  • Dofetilide
  • Quinidine
  • Procainamide
  • Sotalol
  • Certain macrolide antibiotics (e.g., erythromycin, clarithromycin)
  • Certain antipsychotic medications (e.g., pimozide, thioridazine, ziprasidone)
  • Isoniazid (INH)
  • Phenothiazines (e.g., chlorpromazine)
  • Tricyclic antidepressants (e.g., amitriptyline)
  • Hormonal birth control such as pills, patch, or ring

Side Effects:

There are no side effects known aside from a possible allergic reaction in people who have previous or unknown hypersensitivity to the drug.

Watch out for signs of allergic reactions such as:

  • Rash
  • Itching
  • Swelling


Before taking this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have the following:

  • Allergy to ciprofloxacin or to other quinolone antibiotics such as norfloxacin, gemifloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, or ofloxacin
  • Diabetes
  • Heart problems (e.g., recent heart attack)
  • Joint/tendon problems (e.g., tendonitis, bursitis)
  • Kidney disease
  • Liver disease
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Nervous system disorder (e.g., peripheral neuropathy)
  • Seizure disorder
  • Conditions that increase your risk of seizures (e.g., brain/head injury, brain tumors, cerebral atherosclerosis)
  • Certain heart problems (heart failure, slow heartbeat, QT prolongation in the EKG), family history of certain heart problems (QT prolongation in the EKG, sudden cardiac death)
  • Pregnancy or lactation
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