Cipro IV

1 What is Cipro IV?

Brand: Cipro IV

Generic: Ciprofloxacin

Ciprofloxacin is a quinolone antibiotic used for the treatment bacterial infections such as anthrax and urinary tract infections. This drug can either be in oral liquid form or tablets. This drug works kills bacteria or preventing their growth by disrupting their DNA. This drug is ineffective against syphilis or viral infections. Ciprofloxacin is a prescription drug.

2 What to Know Before Using

Before taking this drug, the risks and benefits for your body should be discussed with your healthcare provider.

Inform your healthcare provider for any allergic reactions to this medicine or any other medicines, foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. Carefully read the label of non-prescription drugs for any possible allergic reaction or contraindications.

Studies have not demonstrated any pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of ciprofloxacin in children. This drug should be used with caution due to its toxicity and should be used only after other medicines have been considered and found ineffective. This drug can be used in children to prevent anthrax infection after possible exposure, and to treat serious kidney infections.

Studies regarding the relationship of age to the effects of ciprofloxacin extended-release tablets in the pediatric population have not been performed while safety and efficacy have not been established. Studies in the elderly have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of this drug. Elderly patients should consult with their healthcare professionals before taking this drug as they are more likely to have age-related kidney or heart problems, or develop severe tendon problems.

Adverse effects have been reported in animal studies but there are no adequate studies in pregnant women or animals. There is minimal risk to infants when taking taking drug while breastfeeding.

Drugs should not be taken together to prevent any interactions but in necessary cases inquire your healthcare provider regarding the adjustments in dosage or any other necessary precautions to prevent any unwanted side effects.

Inform your healthcare professional if are taking any other drugs such as Agomelatine, Amifampridine, Bepridil, Cisapride, Dronedarone, Flibanserin, Lomitapide, Mesoridazine, Pimozide, Piperaquine, Saquinavir, Sparfloxacin, Terfenadine, Thioridazine, Tizanidine, Ziprasidone, Acarbose, Acecainide, Acetohexamide, Alfuzosin, Alogliptin, Alosetron, Amiodarone, Amitriptyline, Amoxapine, Anagrelide, Apixaban, Apomorphine, Aripiprazole, Arsenic Trioxide, Artemether, Asenapine, Astemizole, Azimilide, Azithromycin, Bendamustine, Benfluorex, Bosutinib, Bretylium, Buserelin, Canagliflozin, Chlorpromazine, Chlorpropamide, Cilostazol, Citalopram, Clarithromycin, Clomipramine, Clozapine, Crizotinib, Cyclobenzaprine, Dabrafenib, Dapagliflozin, Dasatinib, Degarelix, Delamanid, Desipramine, Deslorelin, Disopyramide, Dofetilide, Dolasetron, Domperidone, Donepezil, Doxorubicin, Doxorubicin Hydrochloride Liposome, Droperidol, Eliglustat, Eltrombopag, Erlotinib, Erythromycin, Escitalopram, Everolimus, Exenatide, Fentanyl, Fingolimod, Flecainide, Fluconazole, Fluoxetine, Gatifloxacin, Gemifloxacin, Gliclazide, Glimepiride, Glipizide, Gliquidone, Glyburide, Gonadorelin, Goserelin, Granisetron, Halofantrine, Haloperidol, Histrelin, Hydroxychloroquine, Ibrutinib, Ibutilide, Ifosfamide, Iloperidone, Imipramine, Insulin, Insulin Aspart, Recombinant Insulin Bovine, Insulin Degludec, Insulin Detemir, Insulin Glulisine, Insulin Lispro, Recombinant Ivabradine Ketoconazole, Lapatinib, Leuprolide, Levofloxacin, Linagliptin, Liraglutide, Lopinavir, Lumefantrine, Lurasidone, Mefloquine, Metformin, Methadone, Metronidazole, Mifepristone, Miglitol, Moricizine, Moxifloxacin, Nafarelin, Naloxegol, Nateglinide, Nilotinib, Norfloxacin, Nortriptyline, Octreotide, Ofloxacin, Olaparib, Ondansetron, Paliperidone, Panobinostat, Pasireotide, Pazopanib, Perflutren Lipid Microsphere, Pioglitazone, Pirfenidone, Pomalidomide, Posaconazole, Pramlintide, Procainamide, Prochlorperazine, Promethazine, Propafenone, Protriptyline, Quetiapine, Quinidine, Quinine, Ranolazine, Rasagiline, Repaglinide, Rosiglitazone, Salmeterol, Saxagliptin, Sematilide, Sevoflurane, Simeprevir, Simvastatin, Sitagliptin, Sodium Phosphate, Sodium Phosphate Dibasic, Sodium Phosphate Monobasic, Solifenacin, Sorafenib, Sotalol, Sunitinib, Tacrolimus, Tasimelteon, Tedisamil, Telavancin, Telithromycin, Tetrabenazine, Theophylline, Tolazamide, Tolbutamide, Toremifene, Trazodone, Trifluoperazine, Trimipramine, Triptorelin, Vandetanib, Vardenafil, Vemurafenib, Vildagliptin, Vinflunine, Voriconazole, Warfarin, Aceclofenac, Aluminum Carbonate, Basic Aluminum Hydroxide, Aluminum Phosphate, Betamethasone, Budesonide, Calcium, Chloroquine, Corticotropin, Cortisone, Cosyntropin, Cyclosporine, Deflazacort, Dexamethasone, Diclofenac, Didanosine, Dihydroxyaluminum Aminoacetate, Dihydroxyaluminum, Sodium Carbonate, Dutasteride, Fludrocortisone, Fluocortolone, Fosphenytoin, Hydrocortisone, Itraconazole, Lanthanum Carbonate, Levothyroxine, Magaldrate, Magnesium Carbonate, Magnesium Hydroxide, Magnesium Oxide, Magnesium, Trisilicate, Methylprednisolone, Mycophenolate, Mofetil, Olanzapine, Phenytoin, Prednisolone, Prednisone, Probenecid, Rifapentine, Ropinirole, Ropivacaine, Sevelamer, Sildenafil, Sucralfate, Triamcinolone, or Zolpidem.

Intake of specific food or using alcohol or tobacco with this drug is associated with an increased risk of certain side effects. Your healthcare professional can give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Inform your healthcare provider for any other medical problems such as bradycardia, diabetes, diarrhea, heart attack, heart disease, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, liver disease, seizures, stroke, brain disease, kidney disease, organ transplant, tendon disorder, or Myasthenia gravis.

3 Proper Usage

This drug must be given only by a nurse or other trained health professional. This drug is given slowly through a needle placed in one of your veins for about an hour.

Increase your fluid intake for better excretion of this drug in the urine and help prevent any kidney problems. You may be switched to an oral form of this medicine if your condition improves.

Consult with your healthcare professional if you have any concerns.

4 Precautions to Take

Consult with your healthcare professional to check your progress and if the drug is working appropriately and to decide if you should continue to use it. Unwanted effects may be screen by blood tests.

Consult with your healthcare professional if your symptoms do not improve or become worse within a few days.

Do not use this drug if you are also taking tizanidine.

To minimize the risk for side effects, inform your healthcare professional if you are using theophylline or any other products that contain caffeine. Tendinitis and tearing of a tendon are rare side effects. There is increased risk of having tendon problems if you are over 60 years of age, are using steroids, have severe kidney problems, have rheumatoid arthritis, or if you have received an organ transplant.

Consult with your healthcare professional if you experience sudden pain or swelling in a tendon after exercise, bruise more easily after an injury, or are unable to bear weight or move the affected area.

If signs of anaphylaxis such as rash, itching, hives, hoarseness, trouble breathing, trouble swallowing, or any swelling of your hands, face, mouth, or throat happens after taking this drug, contact emergency medical services immediately.

More serious side effect include black, tarry stools, blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin, bloody or cloudy urine, chills, decreased urination, diarrhea, fever, joint or muscle pain, red skin lesions, often with a purple center, sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips, severe stomach pain, skin rash, swelling of the face, fingers, feet, and/or lower legs, unusual bleeding or bruising, unusual weight gain, or yellow skin or eyes.

This drug may cause diarrhea and anti-diarrheal drugs may make the diarrhea worse or make it last longer. If this or if symptoms of neuropathy such as happens numbness, tingling, or burning pain in your hands, arms, legs, or feet, consult with your healthcare professional immediately.

This drug may cause dizziness or increased sensitivity to light. Do not do anything possibly dangerous and wearing of protective clothing and avoiding too much exposure to the sun between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. is recommended. Using sun block of at least SPF 15 is also recommended. Consult with your healthcare professional if you have any questions or if you have a severe reaction from the sun.

If you are a diabetic patient with maintenance drugs, consult with your healthcare professional first before using ciprofloxacin as this drug may cause hypoglycemia. If you feel symptoms of hypoglycaemia such as anxious feeling, behavior change similar to being drunk, blurred vision, cold sweats, confusion, cool pale skin, difficulty with concentrating, drowsiness, excessive hunger, headache, nausea, nervousness, rapid heartbeat, shakiness, or unusual tiredness or weakness, stop taking this drug and contact your healthcare professional immediately.

Consult with your healthcare professional before taking any other prescription or non-prescription drugs, and herbal or vitamin supplements.

5 Potential Side Effects

Side effects may vary for each individual and prompt medical attention should be given if they occur.

Inform you healthcare provider if you experience unusual symptoms such as diarrhea, bloody or black, tarry stools burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings, changes in skin color, changes in urination, chest pain or discomfort, chest tightness or heaviness, chills or fever clumsiness or unsteadiness, confusion, continuing ringing or buzzing or other unexplained noise in the ears, coughing or spitting up blood, dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse headache, severe and throbbing, hearing loss, hives or welts, joint stiffness, large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs, light-colored stools, muscle pain or stiffness, nausea and vomiting, nightmares, numbness of the hands, pain in the joints pain or discomfort in the arms, jaw, back, or neck painful, red lumps under the skin, mostly on the legs pounding in the ears puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue redness of the face, neck, arms, and occasionally, upper chest, seizures, severe abdominal or stomach pain, cramping, or burning shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet skin rash, swelling of the face, feet, or lower legs swollen, painful, or tender lymph glands in the neck, armpit, or groin thick, white vaginal discharge with no odor or with a mild odor, unsteadiness, trembling, or other problems with muscle control or coordination unusual drowsiness, dullness, tiredness, weakness, or feeling of sluggishness, white patches in the mouth and/or on the tongue, yellow eyes or skin

Incidence not known
Acid or sour stomach blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin, bluish-colored lips, fingernails, or palms bone pain diarrhea, watery and severe, which may also be bloody difficulty with breathing, chewing, or talking, double vision, excessive muscle tone, feeling of discomfort, feeling, seeing, or hearing things that are not there, increased sensitivity to pain, increased sensitivity to touch, irregular or slow heart rate, mood changes, nosebleeds, rapid heart rate, red skin lesions, often with a purple center sores, ulcers, or white spots on the lips or in the mouth, unusual bleeding or bruising, unusual excitement, nervousness, or restlessness, or vaginal yeast infection.

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. As your body adjusts to the medicine, the side effects will slowly disappear. Ask your healthcare professional about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.

If any of the following side effects persists, or are inconvenient, or if you notice any other effects, or if you have any questions about them, consult with your health care professional. If any of the following side effects persists, or are inconvenient, or if you notice any other effects, or if you have any questions about them, consult with your health care professional.

Report any side effects to the FDA hotline at 1-800-FDA-1088.

6 Related Clinical Trials