As with any treatment, you need to give informed consent before using tranexamic acid. You can be informed by discussing the risks and benefits associated with this medication.
If you are allergic to tranexamic acid or similar drugs, you need to inform your physician. You also need to tell him/her if you have allergies to food, dyes, preservatives, animals, and/or other medications.
Tranexamic acid can be used in pediatric patients since its effects are not limited by any age-related factors. Dosing of tranexamic acid in geriatric patients should start at the lower end since they can be more prone to age-related heart, kidney, and liver problems.
There isn’t enough research on the effects of this medication in pregnant women. Tranexamic acid should also be used with caution in nursing mothers.
Your physician may change your medications or not treat you with tranexamic acid. Concomitant use of anti-Inhibitor coagulant complex, chlorpromazine or tretinoin is usually discouraged but can be necessary.
Tranexamic acid can also exacerbate the following medical conditions and should be used with caution:
blood vessel problems
retinal artery or vein occlusion
urinary tract problems
disseminated intravascular coagulation
3 Proper Usage
Intravenous tranexamic acid should be administered by a physician, nurse, or trained healthcare professional. Prior to the dental procedure, 10 mg/kg should be administered.
After the procedure, 10 mg/kg should be given 3 to 4 times a day for up to 2 to 8 days or as prescribed by your doctor.
4 Precautions to Take
While on IV tranexamic acid, your physician will keep a close eye on you to make sure that the medicine is working and prevent side effects. Laboratory tests will also be required.
This medication can cause visual changes. Therefore, your doctor may instruct you to get your eyes checked by an ophthalmologist if will be receiving this medication for several days or more.
IV tranexamic acid can also increase your risk of developing thrombosis. It should not be used concomitantly with anti-inhibitor coagulant or factor IX complex concentrates.
Patients who have a history of thromboembolic diseases or have disseminated intravascular coagulation should be monitored closely.
Tranexamic acid can make you dizzy and impair your ability to drive or operate machinery. Avoid these activities while on this medication.
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