Betaine, also known and sold under the trade name of Cystadane, is a product used in the treatment of high levels of a certain important body chemical, called homocysteine, due to an inherited disorder, called homocystinuria.
This product works by decreasing the blood levels of this enzyme, and that way helps to prevent serious blood clots, abnormal bone formation, osteoporosis, and eye problems. This product is available in the form of a tablet, for oral use or powder for solution.
2 What to Know Before Using
Before the decision to start this treatment is made, it is essential to get informed about the expected beneficial effects, as well as the possible side effects and potential risks.
This is a decision that you and your doctor, together will have to make. For the decision to be made, the beneficial effects must outweigh the potential risks. During the consultations with your doctor, remember to inform the doctor about:
Allergies – Inform the doctor about any allergic reactions to any kind of medications, prescribed or no prescribed. Also, inform the healthcare professional about any allergic reactions to any kind of food, dye, fabric and etc.
Pediatric – Proper studies have shown that this medicine is safe to be used within pediatric patients. Also, it is considered that there are no age-connected risks when this medicine is used within children.
Geriatric – There are no studies done that would confirm the safety of this product to be used within geriatric patients. Because of this, it should be used only when the beneficial effects outweigh the potential risks.
Pregnancy – Inform the doctor if you are currently pregnant or have any plans about pregnancy in the near future. There are no studies done that would confirm if this medicine is safe to be used during pregnancy. The safety of the infant while using this medicine is not confirmed. Because of this, it should be used only when the beneficial effects outweigh the potential risks.
Breastfeeding – Inform the doctor if you are currently breastfeeding. There are no studies done that would confirm the safety of this medicine to be used within nursing mothers. The safety of the infant while using this medicine is not confirmed. Because of this, it should be used only when the beneficial effects outweigh the potential risks.
Drug interactions – Inform the doctor if you are currently using any other medications, prescribed or no prescribed, even vitamins and herbal tea. This is important because certain medications should not be used in a combination with others, because of the possibility that certain interactions could occur. But, sometimes the doctor may decide to prescribe a certain type of a combination, including two or more medications, because of its beneficial effects.
Other interactions – Certain medications should not be used in a combination with certain type of food, tobacco and/or alcohol. Because of this it is important to get informed if there is a need for you to follow any specific kind of diet and/or discontinue your use of tobacco and/or alcohol during the treatment with this product.
Other medical problems – Inform you doctor about your medical history, any other medical problems and conditions.
For proper use, get directions from your doctor. If you are using the powder form of this product, the powder should be mixed with water, juice or milk until it completely dissolved. After that, the solution has to be drank immediately.
The powder may also be mixed with food. If you are using the form of a tablet, do not chew, break or crush the tablets. Drink the tablet with water.
This product should be taken with food. The dose is individual for every patient. It is prescribed by the doctor, based on your weight, medical condition and the prognosis of the treatment.
The usual dose is one tablet, twice a day. Take this medicine regularly to get the most beneficial effects from it. If you happen to miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if the time for the next one is near, wait and take the next one.
Do not double to catch up. If an overdose is suspected, contact your doctor immediately for further directions.
4 Precautions to Take
Visit your doctor at you scheduled appointments so that he or she would be able to track your condition and make any adjustments if needed.
These adjustments may refer to the dose of the medicine – the doctor may decide to increase or decrease it, or to the treatment itself – the doctor may decide to discontinue the treatment if there are any serious side effects present or your condition does not improve.
Inform the doctor if you have ever had an allergic reaction to any kind of medication, prescribed or no prescribed. This is important because this medication could contain inactive substances that could cause interactions to occur.
Inform the doctor if you are currently pregnant r have any plans about pregnancy in the near future. This is important because the doctor will probably decide not to treat you with this medication, because of the lack of studies that confirm the safety of this medication to be used during pregnancy.
The doctor may advise you to start using a proven form of birth control to help prevent pregnancy during the treatment.
Inform the doctor if you are currently breastfeeding. This is important because the doctor will probably decide not to treat you with this medication, because of the lack of studies that confirm the safety of this medicine to be used within nursing mothers.
5 Potential Side Effects
Along with its needed beneficial effects, there are possible side effects that could occur. These side effects do not occur within all patients, also they may be mild or more serious. However, it is important for you to get informed about the possible side effects, so that you would be able to notice their presence and inform the doctor as soon as possible.
Based on the side effects, the doctor may decide to discontinue the treatment or prescribe other medications that would help the side effects to improve.
Common side effects – nausea, stomach upset, or diarrhea. These are common and not serious side effects. If their presence worsens inform the doctor right away.
Serious side effects – persistent headache, or vision changes. Inform the doctor right away about the presence of these side effects.
A very serious allergic reaction is not common. But if you notice any of the following symptoms, inform the doctor right away – skin rash, itching/swelling of the hands, feet, face, tongue, trouble breathing, or severe dizziness.
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