1 Dextrose (Intravenous Route): A Summary

Brand: Dextrose

Generic: Dextrose (Intravenous Route)

Brand name:


Dextrose injection is a sterile hypertonic solution used to provide your body with extra water and carbohydrates.

It is used when a patient is not able to drink enough liquids or when additional fluids are needed.

Dextrose is used in many different medical conditions. This drug requires a prescription.

2 What to Know Before Using

Before taking this drug, the risks and benefits for your body should be discussed with your healthcare provider.

Inform your healthcare provider for any allergic reactions to these drugs or any other drugs, foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals.

Carefully read the label of non-prescription drugs for any possible allergic reaction or contraindications. Studies in children have not demonstrated any pediatric-specific problems that would limit the utility of dextrose injection.

Studies in the elderly have not demonstrated any geriatric-specific problems that would limit the utility of dextrose injection.

Adjustments in the dose of the elderly may be required since they are more likely to have age-related liver, kidney, or heart problems.

Adverse effects have been reported in animal studies but studies in pregnant women or animals are still inadequate. Infant risk is still undetermined when using this drug during breastfeeding.

Discuss with your healthcare professional about the potential risks and benefits of taking this drug while breastfeeding.

Drugs should not be taken together to prevent any interactions but in necessary cases inquire your healthcare provider regarding the adjustments in dosage or any other necessary precautions to prevent any unwanted side effects.

Inform your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription drugs. Intake of specific food or using alcohol or tobacco with this drug is associated with an increased risk of certain side effects.

Your healthcare professional can give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Inform your healthcare provider for any other medical problems such as Diabetes, Hyperglycemia, Hypokalemia, Peripheral edema, or Pulmonary edema.

3 Proper Usage

A trained healthcare professional will be only to give you this drug in a hospital or clinic setting.

This drug is administered intravenously through a needle placed in one of your veins.

4 Precautions to Take

Regular visits should be made to your healthcare provider to track your progress and to monitor the effectiveness of the drug.

Unwanted effects can be screened using blood tests.

5 Potential Side Effects

Side effects may vary for each individual and prompt medical attention should be given if they occur.

Seek advice from your healthcare professional immediately if you experience any unusual symptoms such as:

  • bluish color
  • blurred vision
  • changes in skin color
  • cough
  • dizziness
  • fast or slow heartbeat
  • fever
  • headache
  • pain
  • redness, pale skin or infection at the site of injection
  • pains in the chest, groin or legs, especially calves of the legs
  • rapid breathing
  • severe headaches of sudden onset
  • shortness of breath
  • sudden loss of coordination
  • sudden onset of slurred speech
  • sudden vision changes
  • swelling of the arms, feet or lower legs
  • weight gain

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. As your body adjusts to the drug, the side effects will slowly disappear.

Ask your healthcare professional about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.

If any of the following side effects persists or are inconvenient, or if you notice any other effects, or if you have any questions about them, consult with your health care professional.

Report any side effects to the FDA hotline at 1-800-FDA-1088.

6 Related Clinical Trials