1 What is Klonopin?

Brand: Klonopin, Klonopin Wafers

Generic: Clonazepam

Klonopin is a benzodiazepine used alone or as combination with other drugs to treat different types of seizures, and panic disorders. 

This drug works by slowing down the nervous system. This drug requires a prescription.

2 What to Know Before Using

Before using Klonopin, you must know all about the risks and complications associated with it.

Before taking this drug, the risks and benefits for your body should be discussed with your healthcare provider. Inform your healthcare provider for any allergic reactions to these drugs or any other drugs, foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. 

Carefully read the label of non-prescription drugs for any possible allergic reaction or contraindications. Studies in children with seizure disorders have not demonstrated any pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of clonazepam while safety and efficacy in children with panic disorder have not been established. 

Also, studies in the elderly have not demonstrated any geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of clonazepam. Adjustments in the dose of the elderly may be required as they are more likely to have confusion and severe drowsiness, or age-related heart, liver, or kidney problems. 

Teratogenic effects have been demonstrated in studies of pregnant women while taking this drug but this may be outweighed by the benefits of therapy in a life threatening situation or a serious disease. Studies regarding infant risk when taking this drug during breastfeeding are still inadequate. 

Discuss with your healthcare professional the possible risks and benefits before taking this drug while breastfeeding. Drugs should not be taken together to prevent any interactions but in necessary cases inquire your healthcare provider regarding the adjustments in dosage or any other necessary precautions to prevent any unwanted side effects. 

Inform your healthcare professional if you are taking any other drugs such as Alfentanil Amobarbital, Anileridine, Bromazepam, Buprenorphine, Butabarbital, Butalbital, Carbamazepine, Carbinoxamine, Carisoprodol, Ceritinib, Chloral Hydrate, Chlorzoxazone, Clarithromycin, Codeine, Dantrolene, Ethchlorvynol, Fentanyl, Flibanserin, ,Fospropofol, Hydrocodone, Hydromorphone, Idelalisib, Ketoconazole, Levorphanol, Meclizine, Meperidine, Mephenesin, Mephobarbital, Meprobamate, Metaxalone, Methadone, Methocarbamol, Methohexital, Morphine, Morphine Sulfate Liposome, Nilotinib, Orlistat, Oxycodone, Oxymorphone, Pentobarbital, Phenobarbital, Primidone, Propofol, Propoxyphene, Remifentanil, Secobarbital, Sodium Oxybate, Sufentanil, Suvorexant, Tapentadol, Thiopental, Zolpidem, Amiodarone, Desipramine, Ginkgo, Nevirapine, Ritonavir, St John's Wort, or Theophylline. 

Intake of specific food or using alcohol or tobacco with magnesium is associated with an increased risk of certain side effects. Your healthcare professional can give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco. 

Inform your healthcare provider for any other medical problems such as depression, lung or breathing problems, glaucoma, liver or kidney disease.

3 Proper Usage

To use Klonopin properly, you must follow all instructions given by your doctor.

This drug must be taken exactly as directed by your doctor. To prevent any side effects, take this drug exactly as directed in the label or as prescribed by your healthcare professional. Follow the specific directions in the label or as directed by your healthcare professional. 

Observe proper hand washing before having any contact with the drug. Refrain from opening the blister pack that contains the tablet until you are ready to take it. Do not push the tablet through the foil and remove the tablet from the blister pack by peeling back the foil instead. 

Place the whole tablet in your mouth and wait for it to melt quickly. Take a sip of water after the drug melts. The dose of this drug will be variable for different patients. The directions on the label or the prescription by your healthcare professional should be followed. 

The dosage of this drug you take depends on the medical problem for which you are using this drug. Adults, teenagers, and children 10 years of age and older with seizures are initially given 0.5 milligram tablets three times a day. 

The dose should not exceed 20 mg per day. Dose in infants and children younger than 10 years of age and weighing 30 kilograms is based on body weight and must be determined by your healthcare professional. 

Adults with panic disorder are initially prescribed with 0.25 milligram tablets two times a day. The dose must not exceed 4 mg per day. Use and dose in children must be determined by your healthcare professional. A missed dose should be taken as soon as possible. 

However, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule if it is almost time for your next dose. Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. 

Keep from freezing. Keep out of the reach of children. Dispose any outdated or expired drugs and ask your healthcare professional for the proper disposal of the drugs.

4 Precautions to Take

Before using Klonopin, there are some precautions you must take.

Your healthcare provider should closely monitor the effectiveness of this drug as well as check for unwanted effects. Unwanted effects may be screened using blood tests. This drug is teratogenic and undergoing a pregnancy test is recommended as this drug can harm your unborn baby when taken during pregnancy. 

Use of effective forms of birth control is recommended to prevent pregnancy. Inform your healthcare professional immediately if you experience symptoms of pregnancy. This drug may cause drowsiness, trouble with thinking, trouble with controlling movements, or trouble with seeing clearly. 

Be careful in taking this medicine before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous. This drug may cause agitation, irritability, other abnormal behaviors, suicidal thoughts and tendencies or to become more depressed. Inform you. 

Consult with your healthcare professional before you taking this drug. Your healthcare professional may slowly taper the amount you are taking before stopping it completely to prevent your condition from worsening and reduce the possibility of withdrawal symptoms, such as convulsions, hallucinations, stomach or muscle cramps, tremors, or unusual behavior. 

This potentiates the effects of alcohol and other central nervous system (CNS) such as drugs for allergies or colds, sedatives, tranquilizers, or sleeping medicine, prescription pain medicine or narcotics, barbiturates, muscle relaxants, or anesthetics, including some dental anesthetics. 

Consult with your healthcare provider before taking any of these drugs.

5 Potential Side Effects

As with many medications, there are several potential side effects associated with Klonopin.

Side effects may vary for each individual and prompt medical attention should be given if they occur. Inform you healthcare provider immediately if you experience any unusual symptoms such as: 

  • body aches or pain
  • chills
  • cough
  • difficulty with breathing
  • discouragement
  • dizziness
  • ear congestion
  • feeling sad or empty
  • fever
  • headache
  • irritability
  • lack of appetite
  • loss of interest or pleasure
  • loss of voice
  • nasal congestion
  • poor coordination
  • runny nose
  • shakiness and unsteady walk
  • sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
  • sneezing
  • sore throat
  • tiredness
  • trouble with concentrating
  • trouble with sleeping
  • unsteadiness
  • trembling, or other problems with muscle control or coordination
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • forgetfulness
  • bladder pain
  • bloody or cloudy urine
  • changes in patterns and rhythms of speech
  • diarrhea difficult
  • burning, or painful urination
  • frequent urge to urinate
  • general feeling of discomfort or illness
  • joint pain
  • loss of appetite
  • lower back or side pain
  • mood or mental changes
  • muscle aches and pains
  • nausea
  • nervousness
  • problems in urination
  • increase in the amount of urine
  • shivering
  • slurred speech
  • sore throat
  • sweating
  • trouble with speaking
  • vomiting
  • burning
  • crawling
  • itching
  • numbness
  • prickling pins and needles or tingling feelings
  • changes in skin color
  • chest pain or discomfort
  • cold sweats
  • colds
  • confusion
  • cough or hoarseness
  • difficulty with sleeping
  • dizziness,
  • aintness or lightheadedness when getting up from a lying or sitting position
  • excessive dreaming
  • excessive muscle tone
  • excitement
  • falling fast
  • irregular
  • pounding or racing heartbeat or pulse
  • feeling mad
  • feeling of unreality
  • flu-like symptoms
  • headache
  • severe and throbbing,
  • ack of feeling or emotion
  • lack or loss of self-control
  • muscle stiffness, muscle tension or tightness
  • nightmares, pain
  • inflammation or swelling in the calves
  • shoulders, or hands
  • pain or swelling in the arms or legs without any injury
  • pain, tenderness, or swelling of the foot or leg
  • partial or slight paralysis
  • scaling
  • sense of detachment from self or body
  • shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet
  • shortness of breath
  • skin rash
  • sleeplessness
  • swelling around the eyes
  • swelling of the face, ankle, foot, or knees
  • thoughts of killing oneself
  • changes in behavior
  • tightness in the chest
  • trembling or shaking of the hands or feet
  • troubled breathing
  • unable to sleep
  • uncaring
  • vision changes
  • wheezing
  • anxiety
  • black, tarry stools
  • bleeding gums
  • blood in the urine or stools
  • change in consciousness
  • chest, congestion
  • difficulty with coordination
  • double vision
  • drowsiness
  • dry mouth
  • feeling that others are watching you or controlling your behavior
  • feeling that others can hear your thoughts
  • feeling, seeing, or hearing things that are not there
  • hyperventilation
  • irregular, fast, slow, or shallow breathing
  • irregular, twisting uncontrolled movement of the face, hands, arms, or legs 
  • loss of consciousness,
  • loss of interest or pleasure,
  • loss of memory, 
  • loss of strength or energy, 
  • loss of voice
  • muscle weakness
  • pale or blue lips, fingernails, or skin
  • pinpoint red spots on the skin
  • problems with memory
  • restlessnes
  • right upper abdominal pain and fullness
  • severe mood or mental changes
  • sores
  • ulcers, or white spots on the lips or in the mouth
  • swollen glands
  • troubled breathing with exertion
  • uncontrolled eye movements
  • unusual behavior
  • unusual bleeding or bruising
  • unusual weak feeling
  • vivid dreams
  • weight loss or gain.

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects will eventually disappear as your body adjusts to the drug. Ask your healthcare professional about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. 

If any of the following side effects persists, or are inconvenient, or if you notice any other effects, or if you have any questions about them, consult with your health care professional.

If any of the following side effects persists, or are inconvenient, or if you notice any other effects, or if you have any questions about them, consult with your health care professional. Report any side effects to the FDA hotline at 1-800-FDA-1088.