Niclocide is an anthelmintic drug used for the treatment of worm infections or helminthiasis. Infections of broad or fish tapeworm, dwarf tapeworm, and beef tapeworm can be treated with this drug.
This drug is ineffective against other types of worm infections such as pinworms or roundworms. This drug kills tapeworms by interfering with their metabolism. The dead worms are then excreted in the stool. This drug requires a prescription.
2 What to Know Before Using
Before using Niclocide, you must know all about the risks and complications associated with it. Inform your healthcare provider for any allergic reactions to these drugs or any other drugs, foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. Carefully read the label of non-prescription drugs for any possible allergic reaction or contraindications.
Different side effects or problems between children and adults have not been reported with the use of this drug. It still unknown whether this drug works exactly the same way in younger adults or if it causes different side effects or problems in older people.
Data comparing the use of niclosamide in the elderly with use in other age groups are still unavailable. Indications of harm to the fetus have not been reported in animal studies.
Risks to fetuses have not been demonstrated in studies of pregnant women. This drug poses minimal risk to the infant when used during breastfeeding. Drugs should not be taken together to prevent any interactions but in necessary cases inquire your healthcare provider regarding the adjustments in dosage or any other necessary precautions to prevent any unwanted side effects.
Inform your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription drugs. Intake of specific food or using alcohol or tobacco with this drug is associated with an increased risk of certain side effects. Your healthcare professional can give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.
There is no need for special preparations or additional steps before, during, or immediately after taking the Niclocide. You can take this drug on an empty stomach either 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal. Take this drug after a light meal to prevent an upset stomach. This drug must be thoroughly chewed or crushed and then swallowed with a small amount of water.
The tablets should be crushed to a fine powder and mixed with a small amount of water to form a paste if this drug is being given to a young child. Take this drug exactly as directed by your healthcare professional to ensure that your infection is cleared.
One dose is usually enough. A second dose of this drug may be required to clear up the infection completely. Patients infected with dwarf tapeworms should take this drug for the full time of treatment which usually lasts for 7 days. In some patients, the second course of this drug is necessary for complete eradication.
Your infection may return if you stop taking this drug too soon. The dose of this drug will be variable for different patients. The directions on the label or the prescription by your healthcare professional should be followed.
The dosage of this drug you take depends on the medical problem for which you are using this drug. Adults with a fish tapeworm or beef tapeworm infection are given 2 grams as a single dose. Treatment may be repeated in seven days if needed.
The dose in children is based on body weight and must be determined by your healthcare professional. Children weighing 11 to 34 kilograms are given 1 gram as a single dose. A repeat treatment may be necessary after seven days. Children weighing over 34 kg are given 1.5 grams as a single dose. Treatment may be repeated in seven days if necessary.
Adults with dwarf tapeworm infection are given 2 grams a day for seven days. Treatment may be repeated in seven to fourteen days if necessary. The dose in children is based on body weight and must be determined by your healthcare professional.
Children weighing 11 to 34 kg are given 1 gram on the first day and then 500 milligrams once a day for the next six days. Treatment may be repeated in seven to fourteen days if necessary. Children weighing over 34 kg are given 1.5 grams on the first day and then 1 gram once a day for the next six days. Treatment may be repeated in seven to fourteen days if necessary.
A missed dose should be taken as soon as possible. However, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule if it is almost time for your next dose.
Store the drug in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing. Keep out of the reach of children.
Dispose any outdated or expired drugs and ask your healthcare professional for the proper disposal of the drugs.
4 Precautions to Take
Before using Niclocide, there are some precautions you must take. Regular visits should be made to your healthcare provider to track your progress and to monitor the effectiveness of the drug.
Check with your healthcare professional if your symptoms do not improve, or if they become worse within a few days.
5 Potential Side Effects
As with many medications, there are several potential side effects associated with Niclocide. Side effects may vary for each individual and prompt medical attention should be given if they occur.
Seek advice from your healthcare professional immediately if you experience any unusual symptoms. Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention.
As your body adjusts to the drug, the side effects will slowly disappear. Ask your healthcare professional about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.
If any of the following side effects persists or are inconvenient, or if you notice any other effects, or if you have any questions about them, consult with your health care professional. Report any side effects to the FDA hotline at 1-800-FDA-1088.
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