1 What is Orbactiv?

Brand: Orbactiv

Generic: Oritavancin

Orbactiv injection is an antibiotic used for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections in adults. This drug kills bacteria by interfering with their cell wall synthesis.

This drug is not effective against viral infections. This drug is to be given only by or under the direct supervision of your healthcare professional.

2 What to Know Before Using

Before using Orbactiv, you must know all about the risks and complications associated with it. Inform your healthcare provider for any allergic reactions to these drugs or any other drugs, foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals.

Carefully read the label of non-prescription drugs for any possible allergic reaction or contraindications.

  • Studies in children regarding the correlation of age to the effects of oritavancin injection have not been performed while safety and efficacy have not been established.
  • Studies in the elderly have not demonstrated any geriatric-specific problems that would limit the utility of oritavancin injection.
  • Adverse effects have been reported in animal studies but studies in pregnant women or animals are still inadequate.
  • Infant risk is still undetermined when using this drug during breastfeeding. Discuss with your healthcare professional about the potential risks and benefits of taking this drug while breastfeeding.

Drugs should not be taken together to prevent any interactions but in necessary cases inquire your healthcare provider regarding the adjustments in dosage or any other necessary precautions to prevent any unwanted side effects.

Inform your healthcare professional if you are taking any other drugs such as:

  • Carbamazepine
  • Fosphenytoin
  • Phenytoin
  • Warfarin

Intake of specific food or using alcohol or tobacco with this drug is associated with an increased risk of certain side effects. Your healthcare professional can give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Inform your healthcare provider for any other medical problems such as allergy to glycopeptide, diarrhea, or osteomyelitis.

3 Proper Usage

Proper usage of Orbactiv requires strict adherence to your doctor’s orders. A trained healthcare professional will be the only one to give you this drug in a hospital.

This drug is administered intravenously through a needle placed in one of your veins. The drug must be injected slowly, so your IV tube will need to stay in place for 3 hours.

4 Precautions to Take

Before using Orbactiv, there are some precautions you must take. Regular visits should be made to your healthcare provider to track your progress and to monitor the effectiveness of the drug.

Unwanted effects can be screened using blood tests. It is not recommended to use of heparin until 48 hours after receiving oritavancin to prevent any risk of bleeding.

Inform your healthcare professional immediately if you have:

  • bleeding gums
  • coughing up blood
  • dizziness
  • nosebleeds
  • red or black tarry stools
  • red or dark brown urine
  • trouble breathing

Notify the healthcare professional in charge that you are using this drug before having any medical tests, since the results of some tests may be affected by this drug.

Seek immediate medical attention if you have symptoms of an allergic reaction such as:

  • rash
  • itching
  • trouble breathing
  • trouble swallowing
  • any swelling of your hands, face or mouth while you are receiving this drug

Inform your healthcare professional immediately if you start to have symptoms of infusion-related reactions such as:

  • a cough
  • the difficulty with swallowing
  • dizziness
  • fast heartbeat
  • trouble breathing
  • swelling in your face or hands
  • fever
  • chills
  • itching or hives
  • the feeling of warmth or redness on your upper body while you are receiving this drug

This drug may cause diarrhea which may occur 2 months or more after you stop using this drug. Do not take any drug to treat diarrhea without first checking with your healthcare professional.

If you have any questions or if mild diarrhea continues or gets worse, check with your healthcare professional. Tell your healthcare professional immediately if you have increased bone pain. This may be a symptom of osteomyelitis.

5 Potential Side Effects

As with many medications, there are several potential side effects associated with Orbactiv. Side effects may vary for each individual and prompt medical attention should be given if they occur.

Seek advice from your healthcare professional immediately if you experience any unusual symptoms such as:

  • changes in skin color
  • dry, red, hot or irritated skin
  • fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
  • pain, swelling, or tenderness in the skin
  • black, tarry stools, blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin
  • fever, hives, itching skin, or rash
  • the increase in bone pain, joint pain, stiffness, or swelling
  • large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
  • redness, soreness, or itching skin
  • sores, welting, or blisters
  • swelling of the eyelids, face, lips, hands, or feet
  • swollen glands
  • tightness in the chest
  • unusual bleeding or bruising
  • abdominal or stomach tenderness
  • severe abdominal or stomach cramps and pain
  • watery and severe diarrhea, which may also be bloody

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. As your body adjusts to the medicine, the side effects will slowly disappear. Ask your healthcare professional about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.

If any of the following side effects persists or are inconvenient, or if you notice any other effects, or if you have any questions about them, consult with your health care professional. Report any side effects to the FDA hotline at 1-800-FDA-1088.

6 Related Clinical Trials