1 What is Pilocar?

Brand: Pilocar, Pilopine-HS, Pilostat

Generic: Pilocarpine

Pilocar eye drops is used to treat glaucoma and elevated intraocular pressure, or high pressure inside the eye. It works by suppressing the part of the nervous system that controls the production of fluids inside the eyes.

The fluid inside the eyes called intraocular fluid, is continually produced and circulates to keep the eye and its internal structures in place. Glaucoma occurs if too much intraocular fluid builds up in the eye. If left untreated, glaucoma damages the inside of the eye and cause blindness.

Doctors use medications like Pilocarpine to reduce production of intraocular fluid and relieve glaucoma and very high intraocular pressure to prevent the onset or worsening of symptoms. Pilocarpine is particularly useful for open-angle glaucoma.

Pilocarpine eye drops is a prescription medication and must be used only with doctor’s direction.

2 What to Know Before Using

Your doctor will inform you of what you need to know before using Pilocar. Pilocar is not suitable for individuals with allergies to it.

If you experienced allergies or sensitivities to Pilocar before, tell it to your doctor. Make sure to mention all of your health conditions to your doctor before using Pilocarpine.

The doctor needs to know if you have the following conditions before prescribing PPilocar eye drops:

Note that Pilocarpine eye drops may cause vision changes. You must not drive or perform crucial activities that require excellent eyesight right after using Pilocarpine eye drops.

Like any other eye drop medication, Pilocarpine eye drops are prone to contamination once it is opened and used. Contaminated medication can cause eye infections. Make sure not to allow the dropper to touch surfaces when used.

If you are using Pilocar eye drops, you must not use any other eye medication unless prescribed by the doctor.

If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, tell it to your doctor before receiving Pilocarpine eye drops. Pilocarpine is an FDA pregnancy category C drug, which means it can potentially cause harm to unborn babies when used by pregnant patients.

Do not breastfeed when receiving Pilocar because it may be expressed in breast milk.

3 Proper Usage

To use Pilocar properly, you must follow all instructions given by your doctor. The doctor will determine your dose and how many drops to apply on the eye daily.

Changing the dose of Pilocar eye drops can cause severe side effects on the eye. Applying eye drops by yourself can be intimidating.

Here are instructions on applying Pilocar eye drops correctly:

  • Wash hands first
  • Inspect the bottle of the eye drop. Make sure it does not have any particles in it
  • Tilt the head back and gently pull on the eyelid of the affected eye to create a small pocket
  • Hold the dropper above the eye with the tip down
  • Look up and away, and press the dropper to squeeze out a drop. Apply only a drop in the eye at a time
  • Gently close the eye, and then use a finger to gently press the inside corner of the affected eye for about a minute so the medication will not drain into the tear duct
  • If the doctor prescribed more than one drop, wait about 5 minutes before applying another drop into the eye

Do not touch the dropper tip or allow it to be in contact with your eyes. Make sure the dropper tip does not touch any surface.

If your Pilocarpine eye drop has changed color or has particles in it, do not use it. Call your doctor or pharmacist. Store Pilocarpine eye drops away from heat and light. Make sure the bottle is closed tightly when not in used.

If you used applied too many Pilocarpine eye drops, you might suffer from overdose and experience undesirable symptoms on the eyes. If this happens, call the doctor right away.

If you missed a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and stick to regular dosage schedule.

4 Precautions to Take

In using Pilocar, you must be careful and take some precautions as advised by your doctor. Pilocar eye drops may cause changes in vision, which can be crucial when doing activities like driving or tasks that require good visual acuity. The medication can also impair your vision in low-light situations.

If you are prescribed with Pilocarpine eye drops, do not use any other eye medications without your doctor’s approval. Keep the medication away from children and pets. Pilocarpine may cause serious side effects.

5 Potential Side Effects

Call the doctor right away if you experienced the following severe side effects of Pilocar eye drops:

  • Severe allergic reaction such as redness, swelling and severe burning or stinging sensation of the eye
  • Vision changes
  • Any eye pain
  • Increased watering
  • Crusting or drainage in the eye

Pilocar eye drops may cause minor side effects such as:

  • Mild stinging or burning sensation of the eye
  • Blurred vision
  • Trouble seeing in the dark