Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate is used to lower down excessive levels of potassium in the body. It is a resin, and itworks by drawing potassium into the large intestine for eventual removal. Potassium is important for the function of the nerves and muscles. High potassium levels can cause muscle weakness and, at extreme levels, irregular heart rate. High levels of potassium (hyperkalemia) can be a result of kidney problems, use of certain medications (like heart medicines, water pills, and antibiotics).
This formulation of Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate is administered as an enema.
Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate is a prescription drug and should be used only with doctor’s supervision. Improper use of this drug can result in life-threatening symptoms.
2 What to know before using
Here are the important factors that should be considered before taking Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate.
Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate may cause complications or interact with certain medical conditions. The doctor needs to know if you have the following conditions before prescribing Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate:
Tell the doctor if you are pregnant before taking Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate. Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate may be harmful to the unborn baby when given to pregnant patients.
Ask your doctor if you can breastfeed first when taking Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate.
Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate may interact with certain medicines, so mention all the drugs you take to the doctor. Antacids may increase the risk of bowel blockage, and other problems. The doctor needs to know if you have any of the following medicines:
Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate is available as an enema and so always given by the doctor or other health professionals. You need to be monitored, so Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate is only given in thhe hospital or other health facilities. Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate is usually given every 6 hours until potassium levels become normal.
Administration of Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate is usually performed in this manner. First, your health provider may first give you a cleansing enema to clean your colon. Then, a soft rubber tube is inserted into your anus that will facilitate administration of the enema. The Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate enema will be first warmed before administration. The enema is then administered and retained in your colon for 30 minutes to several hours. You will have to be in bed at this time. After drainage of Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate enema, your health provider will give an irrigating enema to flush out the remaining resin in the colon.
If you feel uncomfortable or have abdominal cramps while Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate is given, make it known to your health provider. The enema solution may not be warm enough, which may cause cramps.
Blood tests will frequently be done to check your potassium levels before and after giving Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate.
It is important not to miss a dose of Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate. If you missed a dose, call your doctor at once. Because Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate will be given by health professionals, overdosage is unlikely.
4 Precautions to take
Lab tests such as blood electrolyte levels and electrocardiograms (ECG) is needed to determine if Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate and check for early signs of undesirable effects. Make sure not to miss doses or blood tests when you are taking Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate.
Follow diet restrictions needed when you are taking Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate. You must avoid foods with sorbitol, as well as potassium-rich items such as salt substitutes, bananas, apricots, milk, chocolate, and nuts.
Call your doctor right away if you experience any symptoms or discomfort after taking Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate.
5 Potential side effects
Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate may cause serious side effects that require medical attention. Call the doctor right away if you experience any of the following:
Severe allergic reaction symptoms such as skin rash, hives, itching, difficulty breathing, swelling the lips, mouth, throat, or tongue
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